Guadeloupe, 1799-1803


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History Today
Vol. 30, no. 4 (April 1980), p. 13-16


During the disordered years that followed the Revolution in France, its strategic Caribbean colony of Guadeloupe experienced many upheavals in its government and war for much of the time, to all intents and purposes, independent. Nevertheless its privateers kept the French flag flying against both Americans and British during this period. Much of the island's strength came from its newly freed Black population, which formed the bulk of its garrison. When Napoleon came to power the Black population revolted not against France but against the First Consul's racist policies. Unlike Haiti their rebellion was suppressed and though unlike Haitians they wanted to remain French, but free, they were returned to slavery