Object Title

Capping breech-loading rifle - Pattern 1853

Capping breech-loading rifle - Pattern 1853

Date

about 1862

Object Number

XII.2020

Provenance

Transferred from COD Weedon in 1925. (1927 list no.364) Originally transferred from Enfield to Tower in 1891; item No 190

Physical Description

Pattern 1853, Third Model, commercially manufactures rifle-musket with capping breech-poader system.
P/53 lock and breech snail deisgn, the plate has not had any extension made to the tail, but the rear lockscrew has been moved back and downwards, and a special brass cup made for it. There are no external markings on the lock, but the plate has a border lin engraved, the head of the cock has typical 'flame' engraving and double border lines on the body, and the cock screw is flower-head engraved.
This example has lost the two front pieces of the bolt, i.e. the face-plate and obturator rings. In addition, the end of the bolt-handle is knurled on both sides, and the tang of the receiver is somewhat larger and more heavily constructed. The top of the receiver plate or cover is engraved in two lines, 'GREENS PATENT No. 1' There is a small flat cross-piece on the end of a stud through the guard finial immediately in the rear of the bow; this is a bolt release, which, when pulled downwards, allows the bolt to be completely withdrawn from the receiver. When the bolt is withdrawn the pin which locks the trigger until the bolt is completely closed is visible through the bottom of the receiver.
Brass furniture of standard design throughout, except buttplate which has had tang reduced to a short point just curving over the heel of the butt. Trigger guard and buttplate engraved with border lines. Barrel retained by the Enfield clamping bands.
The full- round blued barrel has commercial London proof marks on the left breech. Standard Pattern 1853 Enfield sights, backsight graduated to 1,000 yards.

Techniques

Mass manufacture, Breech conversion

Materials

Dimensions

BarrelLength39 in
BarrelLength991 mm
OverallLength54.25 in
OverallLength1378 mm
OverallWeight4.14 kg
OverallWeight9.1 lb

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number 12,002

Calibre

0.56 in

Inscriptions and Marks

Patent
'GREENS PATENT No.1'
Top of reciever plate
Engraving
Serial number
12,002
Guard finial
Engraving
Decoration
Border line engraved
Lock Plate
Engraved
Decoration
Border lines engraved
Trigger guard and buttplate tang
Engraving
Proof marks
Commerical London proof marks
Barrel - left breech
Stamped
Decoration
Flame engraving on head, and double border lines on body
Head and body of cock
Engraved
Decoration
Flower-head engraving
Cock screw
Engraving

Associations

Notes

See XIII-2008 for a description and the operation of the Green Brother's action. By comparison with XII-2053 which is plainly by Reilly, it is assumed that this rifle musket is also by the London firm of E.M. Reilly & and Co. The guard finial is engraved with the number 12,002 which is probably Reilly's serial number (in other words the 12,002 gun sold by the firm). The No.1 marked on the receiver suggests that this is the first example of the Green system made by Reilly.