Object Title

Bayonet

Bayonet

Date

1854-1858

Object Number

X.136

Provenance

Probably transferred with other sealed patterns from the Royal Smallarms Factory at Enfield in 1891 with the pattern-piece for the East India Commpany Sappers' Carbine, pattern 1856 or 1857 (XII.378) (see 'List of Sealed Pattern Arms' transferred to the Tower Armouries from Enfield in 1891 (in MS I.6)).

Physical Description

For the on East India Company Sappers' carbine XII.378 (formerly XXIV.213); dated 1856.
Copied from typed entry for X.135: Almost straight single-edged blade with a pronounced rib running down the back; for about 300 mm (12 in.) from the tip there is a semi-elliptical back edge. Brass hilt with fibre grip scales, the quillon pierced for the muzzle, a spring catch at the back of the grip.

Dimensions

BladeLength24in
OverallLength29in

Inscriptions and Marks

On hilt, on pommel, on top, stamped: 4.On hilt, inside stepped T-slot (at front end), stamped: B. On blade, on outside, stamped: a crested helmet (the mark of Kirschbaum of Solingen).On blade, on inside, near hilt, stamped: crown over 22 (damaged punch).

Associations

Places Britain

Bibliographic References

C H Roads, The British Soldier's Firearm 1850-1864, London, 1964, Pl. 218 (det. of hilt, mounted on carbine).

P J Lankester, ''Land Transort Corps swords' in the Royal Armouries: and interim summary', Royal Armouries Yearbook, 6, 2001, pp. 55-71, at p. 65, fig. 8 (mark only), pp. 65, 66, fig. 9 (det. of hilt).

Notes

For the pattern generally see I D Skennerton and R Richardson, British and Commonwealth Bayonets, Margate, Australia, 1984, pp. 121-24 (no. B160). Skennerton and Richardson, in part followwing Watts and White distinguish and early version of the pattern, probably dating to before 1858 and corresponding with X.136, on which the leaf spring is slightly shorter and attached by a rivet rather than a screw and where the grip is more faintly checkered than on the later version.
Other examples of this probably early version so far noted in the Royal Armouries: X.6857 (PJL, 21/11/01, from an examination of 50 more then in store), and probably X.135.
The crowned 22 mark appears to have been struck with the same damaged punch as as was used on some of the 'Land Transport Corps' swords (see entry for IX.414, under Notes).