Object Title

Axe

Axe

Date

1500-1599

Object Number

VIII.40

Provenance

Purchased at the Bernal Sale, Christie and Manson, 5 March-30 April, 1855, lot 2335.

Physical Description

All steel construction; the haft in the form of twisted branches, at the lower end a tapering grip embossed with lozenge patterns, at the upper a cast animal mask from the mouth of which springs the head. The latter consists of a small axe blade, a rostroid fluke and a short spike.

Dimensions

Dimensions: 502 mm (19.75 in) Weight: 1 lb 11 oz

Associations

Places Europe

Bibliographic References

J. Hewitt, Official Catalogue of the Tower Armouries, London, 1870, p. 52 (VIII.8).

Harold, Viscount Dillon, Illustrated Guide to the Armouries, Tower of London, London, 1910, p. 156 (VIII.16).

C. ffoulkes, Inventory and Survey of the Armouries of the Tower of London, London, 1916, vol. II, p. 257.

P.J. Lankester, 'Two maces from Henry VIII's arsenal?', Royal Armouries Yearbook, 5, 2000, pp. 27-43, at pp. 35, table 1 (earlier inv. nos), 38 (mention of Bernal provenance).

Notes

For the identification of class VIII numbers in Hewitt 1870 and Dillon 1910 (derived from RA MSS I.10 and I.22) generally, see Lankester 2000, pp. 34-5 and concordance of the class VIII renumberings prepared by PJL (copy in RA Library).
For the identification this object in the Bernal sale catalogue, see Lankester 2000, p. 38.