Object Title

Bevor

Bevor

Date

1471-1499

Object Number

III.1807

Provenance

Purchased from the Howard Curtis collection. Christie's 31 October 1984 lot 261 (ill.).

Physical Description

Of three lames, each with a medial keel. The lower lame is broad and rounded, with plain main edges bordered by holes for lining rivets. It overlaps the flange of the middle lame, which is shaped at the front for the chin. Its upper edge has a medial cusp. At the right is an internal spring catch to secure the top lame in it's upper position. The upper lame overlaps the middle lame. It is level at the top, and widens at the centre, where its lower edge dips down to a point. Its upper edge is outwardly turned, and bordered by holes for lining rivets. The upper and lower lames are articulated by rivets at either side.


The internal surface is rough, dark russet and corroded; the outer patinated to a deep russet and buffed bright. The lower main edge is damaged at the centre.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Height: 16.9 cm (6.7 in), Width: 25.9 cm (10.2 in), Depth: 17.9 cm (7.0 in), Weight: 0.600 kg (1 lb 5 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

none visible.

Associations

Places Spain

Notes

This type of bevor was designed to be worn with a cabacete or sallet, and fits underneath the breastplate. Several examples bear the 'crow's foot' mark of Calatayud: Pauilhac collection no.12, Musee de l'Armee; Sotheby's 6 June 1935 lot 81; Madrid, Real Armeria C5; Instituto Valencia no.12 or 13. Thus it seems likely that they were manufactured in Spain.
Some have a lower lame terminating in a long point: III.1300; Madrid C5, C8; Musee de l'Armee, Inv J. PO.709 (J.P Reverseau, 'Les Armes et la Vie', Paris, 1982. p.29, pl.36); Two ex-B. Dean collection, from Guadamur near Toledo (ex- A Morell: New York, Metropolitian Museum, 'Catalogue of a Loan Exhibition of Arms and armor', New York, 1911 nos.2 and 3, the latter also published in ' The Kretshmar Von Kienbusch Collection of Armour and Arms', Princeton, 1963, no.110)
Others seem to have been cut down to a more rounded shaped,, like this one: ex-Farnham Burke (Christie's 6 May 1931 Lot 49, ill. subsequently Hearst collection); Kienbush collection no.109; most closely comparable are two from the Olescalchi collection ( N di Carpegna, 'Antiche Armi dal. Sec. IX al XVIII', Rome 1969, nos. 93 and 94).