Object Title

Shashka - Shashka

Shashka - Shashka

Date

1889

Object Number

IX.2213

Provenance

Purchased from Wallis & Wallis, lot No. 1076 on 03/03/1982 together with a bayonet (Mosin Nagant M1891 socket bayonet), now numbered X.743, which was fitted on the outer face of the scabbard.

Physical Description

The plain brass stirrup hilt comprises a pommel cap, with a threaded tang button, and a knuckle-guard cast in one, with a short rear quillon, inclined towards the blade, which terminates in a discoid finial, pierced for the sword knot. The diagonally grooved wooden grip has a plain brass ferrule towards the blade. The curved single-edged blade is double-edged for the final 4 inches. There is a single wide fuller towards the back edge which rises from the shoulder and extends for 24.5 inches.
The black leather covered wooden scabbard has 5 plain brass mounts. Inside the hand, the top locket is fitted with a D-shaped loop for suspension on the sword sling; outside the hand, the upper and middle bands are each cast in one with a pierced square-shaped ring to carry a bayonet; the middle band has a loose suspension ring; the lower band is cast in one with a conical-shaped, semicircular-sectioned lug, into which the tip of the bayonet fits; the chape is stapled to the scabbard on the inner face. With scabbard bayonet X.743.

Dimensions

BladeWidth1.4in.
BladeWidth35mm
Swordlength40.2in.
Swordlength1020mm

Inscriptions and Marks

word in Cyrillic alphabetknuckle guard
stamped
inside the hand, the shoulder
stamped
Numberingoutside the hand, the shoulder
stamped

Associations

Places Russia

Notes

For further details on this pattern sword, and other Russian military swords from 1801 to 1917, see 'Russian Military Swords' by Eugene Mollo, London, 1969. In 1881, a special commission under General Gorlev was appointed to replace the numerous varieties of weapons with a single sword. This new combat sword was fixed by the Military Order No. 222 of 1881 and became known as that of the system 1881.