Object Title

Sword

Sword

Date

1631-1670

Object Number

IX.2205

Provenance

Purchased from Leeds City Corporation in 1967, forming part of the Franþois Renkin Collection which was acquired by Leeds City Corporation in 1925.

Physical Description

Hilt of steel consisting of a pommel of Norman type 86 and a guard of conventional 'mortuary' type, consisting of a roughly oval stool, which extends at the back to form a wrist guard with a turned edge. The stool supports three knuckle-guards the ends of which are screwed to the pommel. The main knuckle-guard is linked to those on either side by two recurved bars, while the side knuckle-guards, each one branching in two before it meets the stool are each linked to the rear part of the stool by a scroll. Between the grip and the stool is a boat shaped block which supports two small, rounded langets. Wooden grip with remains of the original binding (detached in 1982 - see Notes) consisting of spirally bound steel wire and fine copper twist.


On the rear of the pommel is engraved a classical head within a foliage wreath; a calyx of engraved petals surrounds the tang-button. The shell is deeply engraved to resemble the kidney-shaped shell of a small-sword and heavily decorated with an acanthus foliage scroll on the outer edge. The remaining portions of the shells are rather deeply chiselled with scrolling foliage. The areas resembling small-sword shells are lightly engraved with flowers.


Straight, two-edged blade with a fuller commencing approx. 20 (3/4 in.) and 25 mm (1 in.) from the hilt and running for approx. 140 mm (5.5 in.); the remainder of the blade is of flattened oval section. The fuller is struck on each face with the numbers 1414 and beyond this on each face is a very engraving of a running wolf.


Condition: at March 2001: generally good; several small nicks in forward edge, especially towards tip (which is slightly rounded) two thum-print sized and several smaller patches of oxidation scarring on inside of blade; small pieces missing at ends of grip (smaller gaps filled with glue); grip has one (worm?) hole.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length: approx. 985 mm (38 3/4 in.), Blade length: 828 mm (32 5/8 in.), Blade width, by hilt: 32 mm (1.3 in.) Weight: 790 g (1 lb 11.5 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

On blade, both sides, stamped: 'xx 1414 xx' (in the fuller) and a very stylized running wolf (partly in the fuller), composed of a series of straight line punch marks.

Bibliographic References

century'.

D. Blackmore, Arms and Armour of the English Civil Wars, London, Royal Armouries, 1990, p. 24, fig. 27 (hilt and blade inscr.).

Notes

Formerly on loan to Cardiff Castle, returned in 1981.
The typed inventory (IBE) read 'Hilt British, possibly late 17th-century, the blade German'.
The fragmentary wire binding of the grip (visible in phots, neg. nos A12/290, 291) was removed prior to loan to the Pennsylvania State University Museum of Art in 1982. It was placed separately in store, was noted by PJL as not being back on the sword in May 1998 (notes in typed inventory) but could not be found in February 2001.
A measured drawing of hilt prepared by Peter Smithurst April 1999, together with sketches of the hilt decoration, are on the inv. file.
X-ray of hilt carried out July 1999.