Object Title

Sword

Sword

Date

1760-1790

Object Number

IX.2054

Provenance

Bequeathed by J.B.P. Young, 1980.

Physical Description

Hilt: comprises pommel, knuckle guard and shell guard constructed of ferrous metal and a grip bound with copper alloy wire.


pommel: is of facetted ovoid form having a splayed circular foot or stand at its junction with the grip and an integral tang button.


knuckle guard: the guard, quillon block, quillon and arms are in one piece and is severely plain. The knuckle guard itself commences at the quillon block as a slender diamond section, gradually widening towards its centre point, maintaining its original thickness, and then contracting again, terminating in a typical finial with hook for connection with the pommel. At its centre, the widening creates a facet in the shape of a diamond with concave edges which is the only decorative feature of the guard as a whole. The single quillon has an upturned flattened discoid finial which almost touches the shell guard. Likewise, the arms are of the short quadrant form and terminate on their outward curve with the points touching the shell guard.


shell guard: is almost circular in form with a convex outer face and has scalloped edges. The inner face of the edge is decorated with small semi-circular indents around the perimeter. The inside face of the shell guard has the remains of a gilded pierced brass liner. How extensively this liner covered the inside of the guard is not known; the remaining portion extends diametrically in line with the points of the arms and bears a decorative theme of musical instruments within a cartouche at its extremities. A more formal quillon washer is also present and which shows traces of blueing.


grip: of double tapering square section, consisting of a wooden former having an iron alloy riband bound around it to create an open spiral. Within the spaces is a binding consisting of a composite of two strands of cord served with fine copper wire and twisted into left hand and right hand helices and laid adjacent to each other to create a herring bone effect. This in turn is flanked by a simple twisted double strand of fine copper wire. An even finer twisted double strand of copper wire is laid along the centre of the iron riband. The bindings are terminated at each end beneath a turks head ferrule.


Blade: straight, 875 mm. (34.45 ins.) long, of hexagonal lozenge section, approximately 24 mm. (0.95 in.) wide at the forte and tapering to a point which has become rounded through wear or damage. It has deep central fullers extending 209 mm. (8.23 ins.) from the shoulder at the forte. The fullers carry a very indistinct stamped inscription which appears to read:


S - A H A S V M or S - A H A O V M.


A thick leather washer or buff piece is placed between the shoulder of the forte and the hilt and the blade is secured to the hilt by means of a small square nut at the end of the tang.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length: 1004.7 mm. (39.6 in.), length of hilt: 162 mm. (6.38 in.) (Excluding leather washer between hilt and blade) Weight: 424.5 grams (15 oz.)

Inscriptions and Marks

The only visible mark is the inscription in the fuller (see above)

Associations