Object Title

Sword

Sword

Date

1820-1860

Object Number

IX.491

Provenance

Apparently received with three other swords and other weapons (see Notes) from the Arsenal of the Grand Duke of Baden at Karlsruhe in June 1846, in exchange for a quantity of British military weapons.

Physical Description

Cast brass hilt comprising short quillons and grooved grip with simulated cap pommel. Short, broad, curved blade.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length: 744 mm (29.3 in), blade length: 597 mm (23.5 in) Weight: 2 lb 4 oz

Inscriptions and Marks

On blade, on outside, stamped: a mark: a crowned shield charged with a bend [probably the arms of Baden] within an oval (drawing in marks cards; publ. Dufty and Borg 1974, from IX.358); and A.on blade, on one side (WHICH?), stamped: GEBR WEYERSBERGon blade, on other side (WHICH?), stamped: SOLINGEN.

Associations

Bibliographic References

William Reid, 'Some International Arms Exchanges, 1835-1846', Royal Armouries Yearbook, 5, 2000, pp. 148-158 , at p. 157, Appendix 6.

C. ffoulkes, Inventory and Survey of the Armouries of the Tower of London, London, 1916, vol. II, p. 306 - 'Band Sword'.

J. Hewitt, Official Catalogue of the Tower Armouries, London, 1870, p. 61, IX.492.

Notes

For general information and publications on the Baden gift and for problems in identifying the actual swords received with those in the collection, see entry for IX.358, under Notes.
The four swords received from Baden are identifiable in Hewitt 1870 (p. 61, IX.489-491). The present inv. numbers have not yet been traced back through RA MSS I.11 and I.22 and the Dillon numbers and catalogue references (if included) have not yet been identified.
From the illustrations and headings in Maier, this would appear be a Baden pattern artillery sword of a pattern introduced or current in 1854 (G. Maier, 'Badische Blankwaffen', 1976, pp. 147-9). However, Maier describes the sword he illustrates simply as '1854' which presumably means it is not of an identifiable dated pattern. If Maier has evidence that this pattern of sword was only introduced in or shortly before 1854, then it cannot have been part of the Baden gift of 1846. However, there are other reasons for thinking the current inv. nos of the group of Baden gift swords as whole has probably been correctly identified (see entry for IX.358, under Notes) and Maier's identification and the description in the typed inventory (IBE) tallies with 'foot artillery sword' in the list of weapons sent by Baden (Reid 2000, p. 175, Ap[pendix 6). Maier's German text should be checked. (PJL, 10/04/01).