Object Title

Sword

Sword

Date

1780-1800

Object Number

IX.487

Physical Description

Hilt: iron/steel, stirrup form without any decoration;
cap pommel with integral backstrap for grip, and having a plain flat top with no tang button.
knuckle guard; with integral langets and straight rear quillon with a downturned discoid finial.
grip: leather covered wood bound with double stranded twisted copper wire.


Blade: curved with wide fuller each side. On the outer fuller is the engraved inscription


'VAINCRE OU MOURIR' and on the inner face


'POUR LA REPUBLIQUE'


Both inscriptions are accompanied by scrolling foliage.

Dimensions

Dimensions: overall length: 1001 mm (39.4 in), blade length: 879 mm (34.6 in) Weight: 653 gm (1 lb 7 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

On the back of the blade, the stamped number '34'

Associations

Places France

Notes

Whilst stirrup hilted swords exist in C. Ariès, 'Armes Blanches Militaires Françaises', 30 vols and index, 1966-1990, it has not been possible to assign an identifiable pattern to this sword.
The same inscription is shown on two swords in Jean-Pierre Martin, 'Les Armes Blanches de la Revolution', 1985, pps 91, 132.
The pencilled annotations, 'Gift of the Grand Duke of Baden c.1840', on the typed inventory entries for IX.486-493 are derived from ffoulkes and should be disregarded, except in the case of IX.486, 491 and 493 - for explanation see entry for IX.358, under Notes (PJL, 09/04/01).