Object Title

Hanger

Hanger

Date

1760-1820

Object Number

IX.534

Provenance

Old Tower collection; probably Tower arsenal (no information in Typed Inventory).

Physical Description

General Type Description: All brass, cast hilt. Pommel of various shapes (mostly globular, oval or egg-shaped). Knuckle-guard broadens to form slightly dished, heart-shaped shell around the blade, with two loop-guards to the outside of the hand. Short rear quillon, with disc-finial inclined towards the blade. 'Barley twist' grip. Curved or sligthly curved, single-edged blade, with a narrow fuller almost at the back, extending for the greater part its length.


Variations, losses, damage etc:
Pommel Type 2 - flattened globular pommel (no mouldings) with prominent tang-button. Type Specimen: IX.6798.
Remains of leather 'buffpiece'; vice marks on blade near hilt; nick in forward edge of blade approx. 130 mm (5 1/8 in.) from hilt.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length: approx. 778 mm (30 5/8 in.), Blade length, back edge by hilt to tip: 640 (23 5/8 in.), Blade width, by hilt: 30 mm (1.2 in.) Weight: 805g (1 lb 13 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

On blade, on inside, near hilt, stamped: T. CRAVEN.

Associations

Places Britain

Notes

This is ffoulkes 'pattern 1751' though makers' names on the blade point to a much later date, in many cases early 19th century. See C. ffoulkes and E.C. Hopkinson, 'Sword, Lance and Bayonet', 2nd edn., London, 1967, pp.71, 73 (fig.34); A.R. Dufty and A. Borg, 'European Swords and Daggers in the Tower of London', London, 1974, Pl.68c (=IX.605).
N.B. Notes on this pattern generally, which has been discussed in several articles, is not yet complete. In the interim, PJL can supply some information.
Examination of the Royal Armouries examples has distinguished a number of pommel (P) types which are given under Short Description and Description where known:
Pommel Type 1 - flattened or slightly flattened pommel, moulded above and below, with prominent tang-button. Type Specimen: IX.6787.
Pommel Type 2 - flattened globular pommel (no mouldings) with prominent tang-button. Type Specimen: IX.6798.
Pommel Type 3 - egg-shaped pommel, moulded above and below, with prominent tang-button. Type Specimen: IX.6801.
Pommel Type 4 - elongated, egg-shaped pommel (no mouldings) with prominent tang-button. Type Specimen: IX.6811.
Pommel Type 5 - small, globular pommel, moulded above and below, with prominent tang-button. Type Specimen: IX.6813.
Examples of this pattern in the Royal Armouries can be found by searching on 'TYPE ADJ 51' (though there may still be a few where this has not yet been entered).
For general information on the maker Craven, see entry for IX.272, under Notes.