Object Title

Sword

Sword

Date

1731-1770

Object Number

IX.990

Provenance

Presented 1956. Previously purchased Wallis & Wallis, 3/2/56, Lot 308.

Physical Description

Small, bright steel guard of conventional Scottish form, lined with thin leather covered with red cloth, and edged with blue ribbed silk. The wooden grip retains the remains of its original leather covering.


Broad blade, single-edged to 270 mm (10 5/8 in.). There are three fullers - one at the back starts at the hilt and extends for 650 mm (23 3/4 in.), the other two, adjacent, rise approx. 25 mm (1 3/8 in.) from the hilt and extend for 680 mm (26 3/4 in.). There is a short fuller near the forward edge of the ricasso. Towards the end nearer the hilt the central fuller on each face bears a stamped inscription:
outside: x GOTT BEWAR DE x
inside: x VERECHTE x SCHOTTEN x
(God preserve the righteous Scots).

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length: 1022 mm (40.25 in), length of blade: 876 mm (34.5 in) Weight: 2 lb 4 oz

Inscriptions and Marks

For the blade inscription in the central fuller see Description. is punctuated with X marks. The remaining two fullers, on each side, have stamped marks comprising a crescent three dots, (struck three times).

Associations

Bibliographic References

C Mazansky, British basket-hilted swords. A typology of basket-type sword hilts, Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 2005, p. 104, type F7a, pommel 'basket-hilt' type IIIA (illus.): 'c.1750'.

Notes

The same inscription (with minor variations in spelling) is found on the blades of a number of German-imported blades, usually mounted on Scottish hilts.
The following are references to other patriotic inscriptions occurring on the blades Scottish swords, some distinguished by Trenchard (see below) as emanating from the periods leading up to the 1715 and 1745 uprisings:
C. Trenchard, 'Jacobite sword blades. 1, A record of all the examples believed extant', 'Antique Collector', VII (1936-7), February 1937, pp. 21-24.
C. Trenchard, 'Jacobite sword blades. 2, The rhyming blades of the '45', 'Antique Collector', VII (1936-7), April 1937, pp. 86-88.
The Baron of Earlshall [David R. Baxter], 'Observations on some blades found in Scottish basket hilted swords' 'Park Lane Arms Fair' (cat.), 13 (1996), pp. 30-38.
IX.194 has another Jacobite inscription.