Object Title

Sword

Sword

Date

1785-1805

Object Number

IX.1808

Provenance

Transferred from the Rotunda Museum, 1918.

Physical Description

Hilt: brass, of half basket formed by a knuckle guard integral with a solid stool which has three branches with a small flourish at their roots arising from it and which converge and join the knuckle guard approximately 30mm below the cap pommel and terminate in a slightly outward curve and a flattened discoid finial. The rear of the stool is downturned towards the blade and has a projecting semi-circular terminal. Just below the this terminal, on the inside of the guard, is the double stamped inscription
'LIORARD/A PARIS'
Grip: is of wood with a spiral binding of twine overlaid with leather and originally having a double strand twisted brass wire binding, none of which remains. There appears to have been a lower ferrule which is now absent and a substantial portion of the leather covering is missing. At the pommel, it swells slightly and inclines forward.


Blade: straight, single edged with a short (approx. 200 mm) false edge at the point, and having two wide fullers on each side extending to the point.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length: 1018 mm (44 in), blade length: 965 mm (38 in) Weight: 1205 gm (2 lb 2 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

Hilt: on inner side of the stool, towards the hand, the engraved number '728'on the back of the stool, towards the blade, the number 'MA 1843'Blade: a painted shield-shaped cartouche in black with a white border, the painted numbers it originally contained now not distinguishable.stamped on the central ridge, about 20 mm from the hilt, is a bundle of fasces.

Associations

Places France

Bibliographic References

No MA 1843Rotunda Catalogue, HMSO, 1873, p. 127;No 14/54Rotunda Catalogue, HMSO, 1906, p 138;No 14/36 J. P. Kaestlin, Catalogue of Museum of Artillery, London 1963, Vol 2, p. 52.

Notes

The sword seems to combine the hilt of the 1795 pattern and the blade and grip of the 1803 pattern (see C. Ariès, 'Armes Blanches Militaires Françaises', 30 vols and index, 1966-1990, tome XXI figs. 1 and 4.)
cf IX. 1820 (notes) and IX.1819