Object Title

Sword

Sword

Date

1800-1830

Object Number

IX.386

Provenance

None given in IBE; presumed Tower arsenal.

Physical Description

Cast brass hilt consisting of lion's head pommel with combined backpiece, bone grip decorated with cross hatching between a quadrant of radiating lines and a chevron border and with a reeded ferrule towards the blade, straight quillons with oval foliate terminals (the forward one pierced), and a crown in relief on each side of the ecusson which extends to form two langets. A chain which connected the forward quillon and a ring in the lion's jaws is now missing.


Curved, single-edged blade with a broad fuller at the back on each face extending from the vestigial ricasso for about two thirds of the total blade length.


Condition: at November 1999: cross, and grip and pommel assembly loose; chain missing (see Description); some nicks to forward edge of blade, in half nearer tip.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length, end of lion's nose to blade tip: approx. 825 mm (32 1/2 in.), Blade length, back, by hilt, to tip: 675 m (26 5/8 in.), Blade width, by hilt: 27 mm (1 in.) Weight: 565 g (1 lb 4 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

On hilt, on rear quillon, on side towards blade, stamped: 20.

Associations

Places Britain

Bibliographic References

C ffoulkes, Inventory and Survey of the Armouries of the Tower of London, London, 1916, vol. II, p. 297 - 'Militia officer's sword, early 19th century' ... and brass scabbard.

Notes

The brass scabbard mentioned by ffoulkes (1916) is no longer with this sword and was evidently not with it when the typed inventory description was compiled (PJL, Nov. 1999).
The Royal Armouries has a number of swords of of the same 'pattern', designated for internal purposes, Royal Armouries band type M. All all have numbers on the rear quillon, which might suggest that all are from the same set, but there are two number 3s: the orientation of these numbers is different, as it is on some of the other examples, and this might indicate that the Royal Armouries has the remains of two sets. The examples noted in store at November 1999 are: IX.386, IX.395, IX.5385, IX.5480, IX.7187. The numbers are as follows:
IX.395 - with a different (replacement?) blade and scabbard (possibly associated), number damaged, probably 1.
IX.5385 - numbered 3.
IX.5480 - numbered 3.
IX.7178 - numbered 9(?) or possibly G.
IX.386 - numbered 20.