Object Title

Sword

Sword

Date

1770-1790

Object Number

IX.643

Provenance

Ex Rotunda collection, No 14/26, acquired 1927

Physical Description

French hilt and German blade.
Hilt: brass, half basket with knuckle guard and three bars.
Cap pommel; of shallow form with long narrow extension with three flutes at rear to form backstrap to grip. A semi-ovoid tang button is fitted.
Guard: solid oval shell guard, slightly concave towards the hand, with a narrow extension at the front to form a knuckle guard. Arising from the outer rim of the shell guard are three bars which sweep upwards towards the pommel, converging into a single bar and joining the knuckle guard approximately 20 mm before the pommel. At their junction with the shell guard they have discoid finials. The rear extremity of the shell guard takes the form of a slightly protruding trefoil finial. Towards the blade the shell guard has a raised beading to the inner and outer edges.
Grip: wood covered with fish skin and spirally bound with double stranded twisted silver or silvered wire. A lower brass ferrule is fitted into which is placed the tail of the backstrap.


Blade: straight, single edged spear point with a narrow deep fuller along the back edge terminating approximately 190 mm from the point.On the outer face the blade is decorated with
1.two military trophies between which is the inscription:


'GARDES / DU CORP / DU ROY'


2. at the forte, within a rectangular panel, the inscription


'De La Marque/Des Mouchettes/a Solingen'
above a mark of a pair of crossed swords/banners/candle snuffers ? within an oval cartouche surmounted by a crown.
On the inside face,
1.a sun in splendour
2. arms comprising a floral wreath embracing an oval panel within which are three fleur-de-lys and the whole surmounted by a crown
3. a military trophy
4. a rectangular panel with the inscription
'Guilmin / a / Versailles'.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length: 1092 mm (43 in), blade length: 940 mm (37 in) Weight: 1.08 kg (2 lb 6 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

On the shell guard, towards the blade:1. '1 D No 46' and2. the Rotunda museum mark of 'MA 1815'.

Associations

Bibliographic References

A.R. Dufty and A. Borg, European Swords and Daggers in the Tower of London, London, 1974, Pl 86b, p 32.