Object Title

1.8 in gun

1.8 in gun

Date

1631-1670

Object Number

XIX.100

Provenance

Found in the Dikho River, Sibsagar District, N.E. Assam, about 1890 with No.XIX.107 and bought by the Indian Section of the Victoria and Albert Museum, No.I.M.333-1920, from Capt. Rupert Simson. Transferred to the Armouries in 1958.

Physical Description

The gun is generally of European design but with the first reinforce ring and astragal omitted. It is engraved with two inscriptions: one at the breech in Persian reads 'The just King Shah Alamgir....year 1078 [1667 A.D.]'; the second on the chase in Assamese Sanskrit records that 'The illustrious Svargganarayanadeva-Gadadhara Simha, lord of Saumara [Assam], having conquered the Yavanas [Mohammedans], obtained this weapon at Guvakhati.' The base ring carries a rear sight, and there is a fore sight at the muzzle. The original vent has been spiked and another drilled to one side

Dimensions

Dimensions: Length: 39 in (99.1 cm), Overall length: 44.5 in (113 cm)

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number nvn

Calibre

1.8 in (4.6 cm)

Associations

Bibliographic References

H.L.Blackmore, The Armouries of the Tower of London, Ordnance Catalogue, H.M.S.O. London 1976, P.157.

Notes

Aurangzeb, the Moghul Emperor of Delhi, who reigned 1658-1707, took the name of Alamgir (World Seizer) when he deposed his father Shah Jahad and assumed the throne. The major part of his long reign was spent in extending his empire and in a war against the King of Assam. This gun was apparently captured by the Assamese leader Gadadhara Simha, when he finally expelled the Moghul invaders from Gauhati in 1682.