Object Title

Backplate

Backplate

Date

1480

Object Number

III.1092

Provenance

Transferred from the Rotunda Museum of Artillery,Woolwich, 1927. From Rhodes, acquired by Sir J Lefroy, 1867.

Physical Description

Comprising a mainplate with a plate above and a waistplate below. The mainplate has slightly rounded shoulders. At the neck is a deep, V-shaped cut-out, the edges of which have partial inward turns, chiselled with alternating broad and narrow slashes. The cut-out is filled with a small upper plate, attached by a rivet at either side, and cut with a shallow curve for the neck. The arm edges of the mainplate have outward turns, and the side edges extend to the waist. The lower edge curves downward to either side of a high, central point to a cusp low at either side. On both shoulders is a hole, one retaining its rivet, for the shoulder straps. Above the centre of the right side edge is a plain iron buckle with a rivet hole nearby. At the corresponding position on the left are two rivet holes.


The waistlame, which is overlapped by the mainplate, rises to a high central point, has a level waist and a flaring flange deepening to the centre. The lame is articulated to the mainplate by a rivet at the cusp at either side. Below this point, at either side, is a plain iron buckle for the waist straps. The flange is pierced at either side and at the centre for the attachment of a culet.


The waist and mainplates are decorated with divergent sprays of fluting from the centre of the waist to either shoulder, and continuing over the flange. On the waist plate, the sprays are of two narrow flutes, and on the mainplate, three shallow flutes, with the discontinuity at the junction of the plates. The left side edge of the mainplate is damaged and has several corroded holes.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Height 415 mm, width 355 mm, depth 102 mm Weight: 1.65 kg (3 lb 10 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

Stamped at the left armpit is the Rotunda number, MA 2308

Associations

Bibliographic References

A R Dufty and W Reid, European Armour in the Tower of London, 1968, plate CX

I.D.D. Eaves and T. Richardson, 'The Treytz Armour of Gaudenz Von Matsch at Schloss Churburg', The Journal of The Arms and Armour Society, vol.XIII, supplement, September 1990, pp.1-22, p.8, fig.5.

Official Catalogue of the Museum of Artillery in the Rotunda, London, 1874: 140, no. 2308

Official Catalogue of the Museum of Artillery in the Rotunda, Woolwich, London, 1889: 150, no. 16.238

W J Karcheski Jr and T Richardson, The medieval armour from Rhodes, Leeds, Royal Armouries 2000: no. 5.6

Notes

Compare to that worn by a soldier in a detail of the Massacre of the Innocents by Matteo di Giovanni, 1482, in the Church of Sant' Agostino, Sienna (Mann 19930: pl. xxix.5). See also the form of a smooth upper backplate of a half armour depicted in the anonymous drawing Standing Foot Soldier, of about 1490, in the Ian Woodner collection, New York.