Object Title

Hanger and scabbard

Hanger and scabbard

Date

1770-1780

Object Number

IX.855

Provenance

Purchased from the Beriah Botfield collection at Norton Hall, Northamptonshire, with the aid of the National Art Collections Fund, 1942 (Norton Hall No. 344).

Physical Description

Silver hilt consisting of lion's head pommel, quillons: the front quillon connected to the pommel by a double chain of silver. The quillon block has military trophies on each side (CHK) and the quillon terminals are in the form of shells. The quillons bear the London Assay mark and the date-letter (T) for 1774-75 and the initials W.K. (for William Kinman). Writhen ivory grip.


Slightly curved, single-edged blade with a false edge fort the last XX in (XX cm) and a vestigial ricasso. Two fullers rise beyond the ricasso (CHK); the narrower, by the back, extends to the start of the false edge; the other, broader fuller extends the full length. The blade is lightly etched on each face with the Royal monogram G.R. (CHK)


Black leather scabbard with silver top and mid-locket, each nsupporting a loose ring, and a chape. The top locket is embossed out side with a muilitary trophy; the mid-locket and chape are deorated on both sides with folite chasing.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Sword: overall length: 802 mm (31.6 in), blade length: 641 mm (25.25 in), Scabbard: length: 661 mm (26 in) Weight: Sword: 0 lb 15 oz, Scabbard: 0 lb 3 oz

Inscriptions and Marks

See under 'Description' (TO BE MOVED).

Associations

Bibliographic References

C. Blair, European and American Arms, c.1100-1850, London, 1962, Pl. 164.

L Southwick, 'Some silver-hilted swords by London makers in the Royal Armouries', Royal Armouries Yearbook, 6, 2001, pp. 32-54, at p. 47. NOT YET EXTRACTED.

Notes

William Kinman (1728-1806 or later) 'was the most prominent manufacturer of all types of silver-mounted swords in the second half of the 18th century, of which many (dated between about 1760 and 1790) have survived.' (Southwick 2001). He operated from several addresses in the City London. Acording to Southwick no sword after 1790 is apparently struck with Kinman's mark and records suggest he may have moved to Bloomsbury (for this and further details see L. Southwick, 'London silver-hilted swords..., Leeds, Royal armouries, 2001: 159-160). See also A.G. Grimwde, 'London Goldsmiths 1697-1837, their Marks and Lives,', pp.226-7, 408, 572.
Other hilts by William Kinman in the Royal Armouries are: IX.1249 (hanger), IX.2153 (hanger), IX.2645 (an officer's (cavalry?) sword) and IX.3782 (a small-sword). On basis of comparison with mark on IX.2153 L. Southwick (examination 15/07/99) suggested that IX.1034 might also be marked with Kinman's mark under the washer.