Object Title





Object Number



Transferred from the Rotunda Museum of Artillery at Woolwich, 1927. From Rhodes, via Lefroy, in 1867.

Physical Description

Of bellows form. The visor is of one piece, extending deeply over the face. It is embossed with four deeply concave transverse flutes, and a sharp medial keel producing angular facets above and below the flutes, and a bluntly pointed profile. The upper edge has a flange, with round notches at either end; the space between this and the brow of the helmet would have formed the sight. The terminals are broad, rounded lobes, pierced at the rear for the visor pivots with small holes. The side edges are sharply concave to the squared lower corners, and slightly boxed to fit the skull of the helmet. The lower edge dips down to a deep medial point. The flutes are pierced with twenty-seven obliquely aligned breaths. All the edges are plain. a spring-catch may have engaged the lower right, where there is now a broken-out hole.


Dimensions: height 168 mm, width 195 mm, depth 185 mm Weight: 650 g

Inscriptions and Marks

The right terminal is stamped with the Rotunda number, MA 2290.


Bibliographic References

Official Catalogue of the Museum of Artillery in the Rotunda, London, 1874: 139, no. 2290

Official Catalogue of the Museum of Artillery in the Rotunda, Woolwich, London, 1889: 149, no. 16.221

G F Laking, A Record of European armour and arms,. G Bell, London, vol. II, 1920: 56, fig. 408a(b).

W J Karcheski Jr and T Richardson, The medieval armour from Rhodes, Leeds, Royal Armouries 2000: no. 1.26


This piece has been confused and wrongly numbered with IV.438.

Comparable visors include iv.438 and 440, both from Rhodes; another, whose present location is not known, appeared in photographs of Rhodes items obtained by Bachereau; Wallace Collection, no. A72 (Mann 1962: 94; Norman 1986: 40); no. 439 at Valetta, Malta (Laking 1904: pl. xxx); Musée de l'Armée, Paris nos G8, G9, H45; Museo Stibbert no. 3599 (Boccia 1975: no. 36, pl. 39); Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 50.160 (Curtis 1978: 146-7); a probably Flemish sallet datable to about 1496-1500, in the Real Armeria, Madrid, no. D 14, which also appears in the Inventario Iluminado, and has been published most recently by Godoy (Valencia 1898: 143; Ortiz, Carretero & Godoy 1991: 108-9, no. 15); and the unusual closed sallet with hinged cheekpieces in the Bargello, Florence, no. BM C1635 (Boccia & Coelho 1967: pl. 159-62). In period art, the painting of a knight and his squire, of about 1515, ascribed to Giorgione (1478-1510/11) or his circle, in the Uffizi, no. 911, depicts a similar visor of this type (Boccia, Rossi & Morin 1979: pl. 101; Berti 1983: 75, 84, no. 13). See also the entry for the pauldron lame with attached besagew in the Higgins Armory Museum.