Object Title

Culet

Culet

Date

1475-1485

Object Number

III.1101

Provenance

Transferred from the Rotunda Museum of Artillery, Woolwich, 1927. From Rhodes, acquired by Sir J Lefroy 1867.

Physical Description

Of three lames, associated with the lower backplate, III.1100. The upper two lames are of equal depth, the lower one deep, its lower edge curving down into a blunt medial point. All three lames are embossed with six shallow flutes at the centre, flaring towards the bottom. The upper edges rise slightly to the centre, where those of the lower two lames are cusped with the fluting. The lower edge of the lower lame is outwardly turned to either side of the fluted section. The lames overlap upwards, and are articulated by rivets at the sides, with cusps at the upper edges. At the centre of the lower lame, and central lower edge of the upper lame, is a rivet for the internal leather; this is lacking on the middle lame.


The upper edge of the upper lame has been trimmed at the centre, possibly to fit the flange of the backplate. There are extra rivet holes at the lower left and centre of this lame. At its right is a contemporary internal riveted repair. The middle lame may be a period replacement, as the quality of the fluting is inferior to that of the others.

Dimensions

OverallHeight340 mm
OverallWeight1.192 kg
OverallWidth360 mm

Inscriptions and Marks

Stamped at the left of the lower lame is the Rotunda number MA 2318.

Associations

Bibliographic References

Official Catalogue of the Museum of Artillery in the Rotunda, Woolwich, London, 1873: 140, MA 2318

Official Catalogue of the Museum of Artillery in the Rotunda, Woolwich, London, 1889: 150, no. 16/248.

W J Karcheski Jr and T Richardson, The medieval armour from Rhodes, Leeds, Royal Armouries 2000: no. 5.4

Notes

The fit with Royal Armouries iii.1101 is such that they seem to have been associated during their working lives. The fluting, however, does not match sufficiently enough to suggest that they were made together. Stylistically, however, they should be compared to their respective counterparts shown in the drawing Standing Foot Soldier cited under iii.1092. The treatment of the fluting is comparable to the pleating of period dress, such as that of a standing figure in A group of men on Mount Calvary, by Derick Baegert, 1477-8, in the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid (Andrade & Guerrero 1992: 164).