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Transferred from the Rotunda Museum of Artillery, Woolwich, 1927. From Rhodes, acquired by Sir J Lefroy 1867.

Physical Description

Of symmetrical type, to be worn on either arm. It is heart-shaped, with a deep medial pucker, and extends well inside the point of the elbow, at which it has a low, rounded bulge. The main edges are plain, with narrow sunken borders. At the front, in the centre of the pucker, is a flush rivet with a flat circular internal head, for the slotted strap connecting the cowter to the vambrace cannons. The cowter is decorated with four groups of three shallow flutes per, each flute framed by single incised lines, except for the upper (or lower) group, which has four flutes.

There is a hole in the centre of the plate, and an old internal riveted repair at the inside edge.


Dimensions: height 201 mm, width 201 mm Weight: 454 g

Inscriptions and Marks

Stamped at the front is the Rotunda number, MA 2346 surmounted by a cannon.


Bibliographic References

Official Catalogue of the Museum of Artillery in the Rotunda, Woolwich, London, 1873: 140, MA 2346

Official Catalogue of the Museum of Artillery in the Rotunda, Woolwich, London, 1889: 150, no. 16/267

W J Karcheski Jr and T Richardson, The medieval armour from Rhodes, Leeds, Royal Armouries 2000: no. 8.9


Similarly rendered spaced groups of narrow flutes are found on a number of South German armours of the period 1505-10, including Nuremberg-marked harness A192 in the Hofjagd- und R³stkammer, Vienna (Thomas & Gamber 1976: 228-9, abb. 104). Comparable cowters from Rhodes include Royal Armouries iii.1135.