Object Title

Shaffron

Shaffron

Date

17th - 18th century

Object Number

XXVIH.18 a

Provenance

Purchased for the displays at the Tower Armouries from a private buyer following the sale of the Gwennap collection at Laing's Shooting Gallery in June 1833. On display at the Tower by 1834. Acquired by William Bullock for his London Museum and Pantherion, 1809; sold in 1816 to Mr Gwennap for the Oplotheca in London and subsequently shown at the Gothic Hall, Pall Mall in 1820 and at the ‘Royal Armoury’ show at Haymarket circa 1821.

Physical Description

The shaffron has a large plate shaped to cover the front of the horse's face, with a slight medial ridge and decorated with a scalloped brass border and applied metal bosses. Attached to this plate are cheek guards and a lower nose defence constructed from rows of scalloped iron and brass plates connected by mail, shaped to follow the countours of the head.

Bibliographic References

W. Bullock, A companion to Mr Bullock's London Museum and Pantherion, London, 1812, p. 23.

Catalogue of a most splendid and instructive collection of antient armour, exhibiting at the Oplotheca, London, 1816, p. 22.

Gothic Hall, Pall Mall, Catalogue of the splendid collection of antient armour, London, 1818, p. 14, no. 31, as 'armour of a Crusader...being of the time of King Stephen'.

Royal Armoury, Haymarket, Descriptive catalogue of a very costly and superb collection of military antiquities, London, n.d. (c.1820), no. 2, 'the armour of a Norman Crusader and his barbed horse...'.

A new and improved history and description of the Tower of London, London, 1834, pp. 26-7.

J. Hewitt, The Tower, its history, armouries and antiquities, London, 1834, p. 50 and fp.; idem 1845, pp. 74-5; idem 1854, pp. 63-4.

J. Hewitt, Official catalogue of the Tower Armouries, London, 1859, no. xv.389, p. 110.

Viscount Dillon, Illustrated guide to the Armouries, London, 1910, no. xv.15, p. 29.

H.R. Robinson, Oriental armour, London, 1967, pl. xix.c.

A. Borg, 'A Crusader in borrowed armour', Country Life, 18 July 1974.

T. Richardson, 'The Tong Crusader', Country Life, 2 April 1987, pp. 98-9.

C. Bayly, The Raj, London, 1990, no. 13, p. 45.

D, Nicolle, Mughul India 1504-1761, Osprey Men-at-Arms 263, London, 1993, p. 21.

: 120-5

Indian Arms and Armour

Islamic Arms and Armour