Object Title

Sword and scabbard

Sword and scabbard



Object Number



Weedon (1928) nos 206 ('Sabre, cavalry, U.S.A.') and 207 ('Scabbard, sabre, cavalry, U.S.A.').

Physical Description

Based on French Light Cavalry model 1822.

Inscriptions and Marks

On hilt, on pommel, on top rim, stamped: 57.On blade, in inside, on ricasso, stamped: probably HORSTMANN / PHILA[DELPHIA] (only a few letters are certain).On scabbard, on mouth, stamped: 207 (probably a Weedon nummber - see Provenance).



Identified in the Weedon (1928) list as a U.S. cavalry sabre (pattern not stated).
Others of the same or very similar pattern in the Royal Armouries: IX.7718 (with scabbard), 7720 (without scabbard). IX.7719 (with scabbard) is of a related pattern but the hilt is better made.
Martin Pegler (10/06/04) thought that IX.7717, 7720 & 7721 might be Confederate swords as the hilts seem not to be well made.
Richard H. Bezdek, 'American swords and sword makers', 2 vols, Paladin Press, Boulder, Colorado, 1994 & 1999, [I], p. 276-8, II, pp. 121-3 gives the firm of William H. Horstmann of Philadelphia as existing between 1817 and 1893 and describes them as dealers rather than manufacturers. 'During the Civil War, Horstmann Bros. sold 13,440 M1840 cavalry sabres to the U.S. government... None of the Horstmann sabres had government stamps or inspector marks on the blades.' (II, p. 122). It is possible that they may also have supplied the Confederate forces?