Object Title

Sword and scabbard

Sword and scabbard

Date

1802-1816

Object Number

IX.7047

Physical Description

Hilt: brass, of half basket formed by a knuckle guard integral with a solid stool which has three branches with globular roots arising from it and which converge and join the knuckle guard and butt up against the cap pommel.
pommel: has a cusped lower edge and a slight extension at the rear and has a semi-ovoid tang button. The rear of the stool is downturned towards the blade and has a slight nick where a piece has been broken away.
grip: is of wood covered with leather and having a spiral binding of double strand twisted brass wire. It inclines slightly forward at the pommel.


Blade: straight, single edged, hatchet point, with two equal wide and full length fullers on each side. The back of the blade is inscribed


'Manufacture Imp'le du Klingenthal Coulaux Freres' indicating manufacture in the 13th year of the Revolution (An XIII).


scabbard : steel, straight, with two bands fitted with loose suspension rings, a shoe with equal length straps along the scabbard body and a separate mouthpiece held in place by twom rivets passing through the inner and outer face of the scabbard body. These rivets also secure two blade retaining springs.

Dimensions

OverallDepth12mm
OverallLength1130mm
OverallWidth109mm
ScabbardLength1000mm
BladeLength970mm

Component parts

Inscriptions and Marks

Hilt: on the outside of the knuckle guard, mid point:1. the number '39'2. the letter 'M' with a small device above it3, the letter 'B'Blade: outside face close to the hilt: two partially obliterated marks.Scabbard: on the top band, inside, the number '1113[?]'

Associations

Places France

Bibliographic References

Dorling Kindersley, Weapon. A visual history of arms & armour, Dorling Kindersley Ltd, London, 2006, p. 183 (col. illus., right).

Notes

According to C. Ariès, 'Armes Blanches Militaires Françaises', 30 vols and index, 1966-1990, tome [II] fasc. 2, the changes introduced in An XIII to the inscription on the blade, in addition to changing 'Nationale' to 'Imperiale', was the inclusion of the date of manufacture. This, however, is not present on this sword. Also, the incription with 'Imperiale' does not include the term 'Coulaux FrÞres', which appears, with the addition of 'Entrepreneurs' on patterns of An IX and An XI. This sword, therefore, does not conform exactly with the textbook Pattern An XIII.
The scabbard, with its form of shoe and the method of securing the mouthpiece, would appear to be of the 1816 pattern.