Object Title

Centrefire four-barrelled pistol - Lancaster Large Frame Holster Model

Centrefire four-barrelled pistol - Lancaster Large Frame Holster Model

Date

1885

Object Number

XII.11579

Provenance

Transferred from the Home Office Buy-in Scheme 1997 via the National Museums Consortium.

Physical Description

A.A. Thorn Patent oval bore single trigger four barrel pistol.
The single-trigger action operates a rotating firing-pin, it also is fitted with an auxillary fixed cocking trigger. A short side lever on the left of the breech operates a double top-bite lock (known as a 3rd type locking latch).
Plain finish with much original blueing stamped with Birmingham proof marks. The semi-birds head chequered walnut butt has a file-cut backstrap and lanyard-loop. The hinged barrels are bored with Charles Lancaster's patent oval bore rifling and have open-sights and a German silver foresight. The barrel cluster is fitted with a self-acting extractor star.
The assembly number,36, is stamped on the bottom of the frame.

It is fitted into a leather carrying case with green baize compartments.

Techniques

Forged

Materials

Dimensions

OverallLength11in.
OverallLength279mm
OverallWeight1.02kg
BarrelLength6.25in.
BarrelLength159mm

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number 8125

Calibre

.476 in

Inscriptions and Marks

Assembly number
36
on the underside of the breech
stamp
Calibre
476 C.F.
between the two left side barrels
engraved
makers name
CHARLES LANCASTER (PATENT) 151 NEW BOND STREET
on the top between the barrels
engraved
Proof marks
Crowned GP (London proof mark), crown over V (London view mark), letters GP interlaced in a cipher (provisional proof)
on each of the barrels
stamped

Associations

Notes

In 1878, the firm of Charles Lancaster Gunmakers, previously run by C.W. Lancaster who died in that year, was acquired by Henry A.A. Thorn from his widow. In1881 Thorn patented an action for two and four barrel guns, he would subsequently use this patent in the manufacture of both shotgun/rifles and pistols.
The pistols were designed to take a veriaty of calibres, but in the main they would be for the four barrel pistol .455 and .476 government cartridges and for the two barrel pistol the .577 short Snider or Boxer, they were also fitted with Lancaster's oval bore rifling.
In all about 712 four barrel pistols and about 234 two barrel versions were produced between 1882 and 1897.