Object Title

Sword and scabbard

Sword and scabbard

Date

1871-1899

Object Number

IX.7591

Provenance

Tower Arsenal. First registered in the Brick Tower, Rack 13B, in 1987.

Physical Description

Sword:
Made for the Indian service.
Brass stirrup-shaped knuckle-guard - the end, which expands to cover the end of grip (in place of a pommel), lacks the reinforce present on other examples; rear quillon with a discoid terminal. Ribbed, iron grip (almost certainly originally black-painted), covered by a brown leather sleeve (surface much rubbed).
Short (cut down - see Notes), curved single-edged blade with a rounded hatchet point; and a broad fuller by the back, extending from the 21 mm (13/16 in.) long ricasso extending almost to the tip.

Scabbard: of brown leather with brass mounts. The locket is reversed and the stitching runs up what would normally be the outside, to enable the sword to be worn in the Indian fashion, with the cutting edge to the rear. The scabbard will be described as if orientated in the normal European manner. The locket has an apron on the 'inside', just above which is mounted an oval frog-stud. The same face is decorated with three transverse incised lines towards the mouth and the opposite face has a single incised line near the base. The locket is secured to the body of the scabbard by a brass staple towards the lower edges of each face. The chape (base damaged) is of tapering form, having a rounded bottom and the upper edges of inner and outer faces slope downwards from 'front' to 'rear' and have decorative cusps. Both faces are decorated by two sets of three transverse incised towards near the top, and a single incised line near the bottom. The is secured to the body of the scabbard by a brass staple towards the mouth on each face.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Sword: Overall length: approx. 710 mm (28 in.), Blade length: 588 mm (23 1/8 in.), Blade width, by hilt: 40 mm (1.58 in.), Scabbard: Length: 611 mm (24 1/16 in.) Weight: Sword: 880 g (2 lb. 0 oz.), Scabbard: 430 g (15 oz.)

Inscriptions and Marks

Sword:5On guard, on rear quillon: stamped, R.P; 1.36.5On guard, on knuckle-guard, near pommel: stamped, 29 AT; 3.5On blade, on inside, on ricasso: stamped, WIL[KINSO]N.5On blade, on outside, on ricasso: stamped, IG over 21 with a horizontal line between; broad arrow over I over ISD.5On blade, on spine, fairly near hilt: stamped, broad arrow over T over 02.Scabbard:5On locket, on mouth: stamped, 29 AT; 7.5On locket, 'outside', near lower edge: stamped, broad arrow flanked by I and M.

Associations

Bibliographic References

P.J. Lankester and G. Rimer, 'A 19th-century chest of arms', Royal Armouries Yearbook, III, 1998, pp. 77-108, at p. 101 (brief catalogue entry).

Notes

For other swords of the same pattern and evidence for dating etc., see IX.7590, under 'Notes'.
The mark R.P. over 1.36 indicates that the sword was issued at Rawalpindi in January 1936 (see letter of 28 May 1999 from David Harding, on inv. file).