Object Title

Dagger

Dagger

Date

1500-1599

Object Number

X.1777

Provenance

Purchased 2 July 2003. Recovered from the Thames (north side) at Brookes Wharf. Previously on deposit B.0154.

Physical Description

Blade: Heavy, triangular section with spear point and single edge. The back edge has two symmetrical cut-in swages, the first extending from the point for approximately 117 mm (4.625 in), followed by a plain section of the back, and then the second swage exteding for approximately 64 mm (2.5 in).
Hilt: comprising cross guard, grip and pommel. The grip is of either bone or some closely grained dense wood such as Box, scalloped slightly to create multiple shallow peraks or points_ over its surface, each of which is highlighted by a brass or gilded pin.
Cross guard: of gilded brass has two symmetrical quillons extending from a central quillon block. The quillons are roughly rectangular in section, tapering in thickness to their tips which are square and have three shallow incised scallops, divided from the main body of the quillon by an incised groove. The body of the quillons are decorated with a series of random punch marks. The rear face of the quillon block is decorated with reeding of fluting in the same axis as the blade. The outer face of the quillon block has a stump projecting from it, presumably the point of attachment of a shell or other embellishment to the guard.
Pommel: crown-shaped having four lobes projecting outwards slightly from the central body the upper extremity of which is domed, sweeping towards the point where the tang passes through and is rivetted over. The tips of the lobes are crudely cross-hatched with a file or chisel and the outer faces are cut with a series of oblique lines or fluting.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length: 345 mm (13.625 in), blade length: 240 mm (9.5 in), width of blade at guard: 27 mm (1.062 in) Weight: 258 gm (9.1 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

No marks are visible, though there may be the vestige of a mark (or applied decoration) approximately 38 mm (1.5 in) from the guard on the inside face of the blade.

Associations

Places Britain

Bibliographic References

Dorling Kindersley, Weapon. A visual history of arms & armour, Dorling Kindersley Ltd, London, 2006, pp. 68-9 (col. illus., top on p. 69).

Notes

Another very dagger of similar form was brought in for an opinion (Enq-2006-5022) on 23/10/2006. Allegedly found at Cock Beck, Yorkshire, part of the Battlefield of Towton (1461) it had the same form of pommel and cross. However, unlike X.1777, the cross was complete, and this example retained the small integral shell guard that is lacking on X.1777.