Object Title





Object Number



Purchased from D Robinson (dealer), 6 April, 1998.

Physical Description

Short, curved, single-edged blade. The tang is of hexagonal section at the end furthest from the blade, and widens out to rectangular shape at the shoulder. There is a ricasso of approx. 25 mm (1 in) length and a narrow fuller towards the back edge which runs for about 3/4 length of the blade. The fuller is very slightly longer on the outside face.

Condition on Acquisition: Fair, but rather a lot of rust, especially near the point.


Dimensions: Overall length: 755 mm (29 3/4 in), length from shoulder: 615 mm (24 1/2 in), width (at widest point): 4 mm (0.16 in) Weight: 430 gm (15.4 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

On outside face of blade, just beyond the end of the fuller, stamped: 'T.CRAVEN', two crowns and '2' and '4'.On inside face (1/4 way up blade from the shoulder) is a stamped running fox or hound. On the same side of the blade, at the shoulder is stamped 'B O' with broad arrow in between.


Places Britain


The blade is generally of the type found on infantry hangers but is not quite the same as the blades found on either the Royal Armouries Type 42 or Type 51 British hangers. It is possible that this blade has never been mounted.
Thomas Craven was a Birmingham maker, working between 1818 and 1820 (according to W.E.May and P.G.W. Annis, 'Swords for Sea Service', London, 1970, p 316).
'The Marks' (note by PJL, 30/04/1998)
Cravens's name appears on the blades of a number of Type 42 and 51 hangers. The following observations are based on those in store at Leeds at April 1998. The name is normally struck on the flat of the blade, but near the hilt not, as on the present blade, nearer the tip. IX.534 and IX.6798 (both type 51) are stamped 'T.CRAVEN' using the same or a very similar stamp. The same form of the name, but struck with a slightly larger stamp, occurs on IX.135, IX.1510, IX.1517, IX.1518, IX.2662, IX.2702 and IX.2867 (all type 42). IX.6772 (type 42) is stamped 'THOS. CRAVEN' (quite small). No attempt was made to examine Craven stamps on other type of sword.
On the present blade, the B O and broad arrow, and the running fox or hound are stamped very lightly. The broad arrow is placed in line with the B and O and the O is narrower than other examples seen (e.g. IX.2663 the IX.3600 and IX.6813 (both type 51); an example of the running beast is on IX.373 (type 42). Neither the precise form of these marks, nor the very light stamping, was found on the other hangers examined.
The crowns and numbers on the present blade are also unusual, both for their position - nearer the tip than the hilt - and because the crowns are apparently struck separately from the numbers. On inspectors' marks of this form, the crown and number are normaly struck with a single punch.