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Object Number



Purchased 1834. From the collection of Sir Charles Brocas

Physical Description

The skull is conical with an arched face opening. The lower edge is bordered by a row of close-set holes for the lining rivets, above which is a more widely spaced row of rivet holes for the missing vervelles. The apex of the skull has been repaired by brazing. The visor is of 'pig-faced' form with an acute point. It is attached to the skull by a steel hinge and strap, locked in place by a pivoted lever. The sights and breathing slot below the snout are boxed; the visor is pierced with 12 breaths on its right side only. The attachments for the visor are restorations.
Metallurgy report by Dr A Williams
The skull was examined on he lower edge. It is formed from a heterogeneous low carbon steel. The microstructure contains ferrite with varying amounts of large and small pearlite areas whose arrangement is approximately in rows parallel to the surface of the plate. There is some elongation of the slag inclusions which are aligned with some of the pearlite areas. This, taken with the fact that the pearlite is partly aspheroidised suggests that it was fabricated at a temperature slightly too low for complete solution of the pearlite. The carbon content is variable, but probably in the range 0.2-0.3%; no attempt has been made to harden the steel.
The visor was examined on the edge. It is made of wrought iron. The microstructure contains mostly ferrite with a little pearlite, arranged in distinct layers. This is of lower carbon content than the skull, and was hammered out at a temperature within the critical range

Featured in

Hundred Years War


Dimensions: Height: 280 mm; width: 180 mm; depth: 310 mm Weight: helmet 1702 g, visor 935 g

Inscriptions and Marks



Places Germany

Bibliographic References

G F Laking, A Record of European armour and arms. G Bell, London, 1920-2 vol. I: 239-41, fig. 280

A.R. Dufty and W. Reid, European Armour in the Tower of London, 1968, plate LXXIII.

C. Paggiarino, The Royal Armouries, masterpieces of medieval and renaissance arms and armour, Milan, 2011, volume 1


The visor was formerly fitted with modern extensions at either side, and pivoted there to the skull. These were removed during 1957-9 when the central pivot and hasps were restored.