Object Title

Hanger and scabbard

Hanger and scabbard

Date

1740-1820

Object Number

IX.6766

Provenance

Old Tower Collections; probably Tower arsenal. First registered in Brick Tower Store, Rack 9E, 1987. A modern label in Bridget Clifford's hand says:'Room 4 New Armouries'. An old cloth-paper H.M.S.O. label reads: 'Infantry Private / 1746', and something illegible above, possibly: 'XXV over 39' - perhaps an old inventory number.

Physical Description

The scabbard has modern leather, and the locket and chape may be associated.
General Type Description: Brass hilt comprising oval pommel on a stand and with a prominent tang-button, D-shaped knuckle-guard which spreads to form a heart-shaped stool around the blade, and very short rear quillon with drop-finial inclined towards the blade. Wire-bound wooden grip. Single-edged, slightly curved blade, with narrow fuller towards the back extending for three-quarters of its length.


Variations, losses, damage, etc: Wire binding of grip very loose; leather below mostly gone; extreme blade tip ground off.


Scabbard: Black leather, with gilt brass locket and chape, the locket with a frog-stud on the outside.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Sword: Overall length: approx. 878 mm (34 9/16 in.), Blade length, back edge by hilt to tip: 728 mm (28 5/8 in.), Blade width, at hilt: 32 mm (1.26 or approx. 1 1/4 in.) Scabbard: Length (max.): 760 mm (25 7/16 in.) Weight: 760 g (1 lb 11 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

On hilt, on outer shell, on side facing pommel, engraved: 'A.3.LM.'.On outside of blade, near hilt, stamped: 'T CRAVEN' and crown over 1 (poorly cut or damaged punch).On inside of blade, by hilt, in red paint: '156?? (possibly an Imperial War Museum registration number).On blade, on tang, notches: 2 on forward edge (visible on X-ray - see Notes).

Associations

Places Britain

Notes

For this pattern of hanger generally, see entry for IX.373, under Notes.
For general information on the maker Craven, see entry for IX.272, under Notes.
Inf. Anthony Darling, visit 03/10/1991, letters LM on guard probably stand for Local Militia; he has seen another example marked DLM - presumably Dorset, Durham, Devon etc. Local Militia. The name 'Local' Militia was first introduced in 1807. However, in 1999, Keith Miller ofthe National Army Museum expressed doubts (verbally to PJL) about the L standing for 'Local' and thought 'Loyal' was more likely.
An X-ray of the grip area by Dr David Starley in August 2003 (Job Code: AM 1832) showed notches on the tang: 2 on the forward edge (no other marks visible; see copy of report on inv. file for IX.373).