Object Title





Object Number



Said to have been acquired by Sir J. Lefroy from Rhodes, 1855. Not part of the Rotunda collection; possibly from the imperial Ottoman arsenal in the mosque of St. Irene, Istanbul, 1855-9.

Physical Description

Formed of one piece, with a single sight. The skull is rounded, and embossed with a low medial keel running the full length of the helmet. At the rear is a short but deep tail. The sides flare sharply from the junction with the skull, and the lower edge, which is outwardly turned, dips down slightly at either side and rises to a point at the front. Around the base of the skull, level with the sight, is a line of eight lining-rivet holes. The sight is wide and narrow, with a slight flange above, and a step below. Below the step the front profile is sharply concave. At either side of the tail is a flush rivet with an internal head; this may be for the attachment of a leather tab for an extension of the chin strap, or a contemporary repair of some sort. There is a recent medial hole at the tail.



HelmetDepth185 mm
HelmetDepth377 mm
HelmetHeight224 mm
HelmetWeight1870 g
HelmetWidth185 mm
HelmetWidth254 mm

Inscriptions and Marks

Maker's Mark
A horseshoe mark attributed to Christian (?) Treytz of Innsbruck
Either side of the keel at the front by the lower edge.


Bibliographic References

A R Dufty and W Reid, European Armour in the Tower of London, 1968: pl. ii, lxxix

C J ffoulkes, Inventory and Survey of the Armouries of the Tower of London, Vol. 1, London, 1916: 173, 92 with no. II.3

B Thomas, Die Innsbrucker Plattnerkunst, eine Nachtrag. Jahrbuch der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien, 70, 1974: 179-220: pl. 119

W J Karcheski Jr and T Richardson, The medieval armour from Rhodes, Leeds, Royal Armouries 2000: no. 2.3


Another closely related sallet by the same maker and of the same form is Stockholm SHM 3504, while closely related are the sallets by Adrian Treytz in the Metropolitan Museum, no. 04.3.229, Odescalchi collection, Rome, no. 29 or 760 and in the Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt. Yet another example is in the Armeria reale, Turin, no. 48 The suggestion of Istanbul as the provenance of iv.15 stems from W Karcheski; compare for example a near-identical helmet preserved there in 1919-20 (Pyhrr 1989: 93, fig. 15a).

The attribution of the mark to Christian Treytz was given by Bruno Thomas in 'Die Innsbrucker Plattnerkunst' in the Vienna Yearbook for 1974 (pp.179-220).