Object Title

Brigandine (karkal)

Brigandine (karkal)



Object Number



Ownership uncertain. Found in the Lanthorn Tower, 1978.

Physical Description

This takes the form of an almost symmetrical front and rear section, waist length, with openings for the arms and neck, joined at either shoulder and open at either side. There is a short division in the plates below the front of the neck opening. It is formed of rectangular iron plates riveted inside a coarse canvas coat. Each plate is attached by four to eight rivets. Both the front and rear are formed of seven columns of plates, the columns overlapping away from the centre, and the plates within the columns overlapping upwards. The centre front column of plates divides into two columns of smaller plates at the top, forming a four plate neck opening. The lower plates bordering the front edge have decorative central rosettes formed of four rivets.
The coat is fairly complete and robust, though the fabric has a certain amount of mildew around the lower edges and shoulder regions. At least seven plates are detached.


Dimensions: The distance from shoulder to hem is 540 mm, the width under the arms is 500 mm. Weight: The weight of the brigandine on its plywood support is 5.65 kg.


Places Turkey

Bibliographic References

Ian Eaves, 'On the Remains of a Jack of Plate Excavated from Beeston Castle in Cheshire', The Journal of The Arms and Armour Society, vol.XIII, no.2, September 1989, pp.81-154, p. 106, note 19.


This karkal is mentioned by Eaves as belonging to the British Museum; they disclaim ownership of it. Compare the example in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, no. 29.150.105, and the pieces in the Higgins Armory Museum, Worcester, nos. 810-13, all from Chalcis on Euboea, captured by the Turks in 1470.