Object Title

Lance

Lance

Date

1836

Object Number

VII.719

Provenance

the Spanish Museum of Artillery; presented by the Spanish Government (by exchange) in 1842 (see Notes).

Physical Description

Only small part of haft remains. Narrow blade of flattened diamond section set into a thimble-like socket with two short langets of unequal length, one attached by two screws, the other by three. The haft has been cut off close to the socket; the wood has also split and broken and, although mended with a pin, a slice of the wood and a large slinter are now loose. The haft is hollow at this point (cf. VII.548).
On one side of the haft, between the langets and near the socket, are four holes in line, one retaining a steel pin and one a copper pin, possibly for the attachment of a small plaque and an old inv. disc, both now lost. Similar holes, spaced slightly differently, occur on VII.721 (q.v.), and VII.548 (a lance with the same provenance as VII.719 and 720, q.v.) retains a copper plaque with an old inv. number and brief description as well as two further holes, one retaining a steel pin.

Materials

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length: 499 mm (19.65 in), length of blade: 178 mm (7 in), length of head (blade and socket): 282 mm (11.1 in), length of langets: 73 mm and 133 mm (2.9 and 5.2 in), length of haft (excluding socket): 215 mm (8.5 in) Weight: 416 g (14.5 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

On blade, one one face, engraved: RL. FA. D TOLEDO (Real Fabrica de Toledo) over AÐO D 1836 (the dots following L and A are placed below those letters on the original).

Associations

Bibliographic References

William Reid, 'Some International Arms Exchanges, 1835-1846', Royal Armouries Yearbook, 5, 2000, p. 157 (Appendix 5).

J. Hewitt, Official Catalogue of the Tower Armouries, London, 1870, p. 44, VII.65-69 (see Notes).

C. ffoulkes, Inventory and Survey of the Armouries of the Tower of London, London, 1916, vol. II, p. 235 (somewhat misleading group entry for VII.718-720).

Notes

A lance of pattern 1836 is included in the list of items presented in 1842 (Reid 2000: COMPLETE) though no pattern of the year 1837 is given in the section on lances in B. Barcel¾ RubÝ, 'El Armamento Portaitil Espa±ol (1764-1939), una labor artillera', Libraria Editorial San Martin, Madrid, 1976, pp. 146-8. The next pattern given is that of 1842 on which the closed end of the socket is of squarer shape.
For the arms received from Spain in 1842 and the exchange generally, see Reid 2000, pp. 150-3, 156-7 (Appendix 5).
Hewitt 1870: p. 44, has a group entry for VII.65-69, described as 'Spanish lances, patterns 1815, 1824 (recte 1834?], 1835, 1836 and 1837. Presented by the Spanish Government in 1840'. It might be assumed that they would have been numbered sequentially in the date order of the pattern, yet VII.548, the lance pattern 1815, bears a number on a copper plaque which is probably its Hewitt number, but it is VII.66, not VII.65. The evidence of RA MSS I.11 and I.22 has not yet been examined, nor have the Dillon numbers been identified.