Object Title

Armet - Maximilian style

Armet - Maximilian style



Object Number



Transferred from the Rotunda Museum of Artillery, Woolwich, 1927.

Physical Description

Armet of exceptionally fine quality. Fluted skull with low comb consisting of two prominently embossed ropings on either side of a central ridge. The base of the skull and of the cheek-pieces have a hollow roping to enable the helmet to revolve on the top plate of the gorget. Bellows vizor with double vision slits and numerous breathing holes. The upper part of the vizor has a band of etched decoration consisting of putti, one riding a goat, a dragon swallowing a man and conventional foliage. A collar of roses is etched around the base of the helmet, each rose centred on the head of a lining-strap rivet. The original quilted lining survives in the cheek pieces.



HelmetDepth350 mm
HelmetHeight148 mm
HelmetWeight3490 g
HelmetWidth240 mm

Inscriptions and Marks


Bibliographic References

A.R. Dufty and W. Reid, European Armour in the Tower of London, 1968, plate XC, see page 12 (XCa)

J Lefroy, Official catalogue of the Museum of Artillery in the Rotunda, Woolwich, London, 1864, 100, no. xvi.6b

Official Catalogue of the Museum of Artillery in the Rotunda, Woolwich, London, 1874, p. 135, no. 2085

Baron de Cosson, Ancient helmets and examples of mail, London, 1883, p. 58, no. 44, fig. 39-40.

Official Catalogue of the Museum of Artillery in the Rotunda, Woolwich, London, 1889, p. 147, no. xvi.21

C ffoulkes, 'Armour from the Rotunda, Wolwich, transferred to the Armouries of the Tower, 1927', Archaeologia, 78, 1928:61-72, p. 63-4, pl. x, fig. 2.

C. Paggiarino, The Royal Armouries, masterpieces of medieval and renaissance arms and armour, Milan, 2011, volume 1


The form of the visor is very close to that of the armour of Matthaus Lang de Wellenburg of 1511, Kunsthistorischesmusem Vienna A.244. The form of skull is close to the armet Vienna A.295, decorated by the same etcher. Both are attributed in the Innsbrucker Plattnerkunst catalogue to Konrad Seusenhofer. Claude Blair also supports the Innsbruck attribution and the early dating (the armet has been traditionally dated about 1525) in 'Comments on Dr Borg's 'Horned helmet'', Journal of the Arms and Armour Society, vol. VIII.2, December 1974: 138-85 at p. 175. Compare also the armet of Vienna A.109, the armour of the Archduke Charles, later Charles V, also by Konrad Seusenhofer made between 1512-14; and the sallet from a tilt armour Vienna B.16 which is also etched with roses around the lining rivets (both Blair pl. lxix).
It is possible that this helmet was part of an armour ordered by Henry VIII from Konrad Seusenhofer - see 'Henry VIII: Arms and the Man' (RA,2009 )p.168.