Object Title

Left flanchard

Left flanchard

Date

1500

Object Number

XXVIH.33 D

Provenance

Metropolitan Museum, New York. See XXVIH.33 for details.

Physical Description

It is of mail and plate construction, in the form of a long rectangle composed of twelve columns of lames, overlapping downwards. Towards the front is a wide cut out for the saddle, and below that a rectangular, narrower hole for the stirrups and their leathers. The front and rear edges are bordered by modern leathers, attached by flush rivets to each lame. Lames are joined to those of neighbouring columns by three rows of mail links, the outer rows of riveted links made of round section wire, the overlaps swelling to the inside of the link; and the central row of each set formed of welded links, either formed of lenticular section wire, or of rounded square section and filed with facets on the outside edges. At the front edge of the flanchard are three buckles for connection to the peytral, and two cord loops. At the upper front are two buckles, for connection over the shoulders, and at the upper rear are four buckles and two loops for connection to the crupper-top. At the rear edge are three buckles and two loops. All the buckles and loops are modern, the buckles based on that on the shaffron. All the upper and lower edge lames have been pierced along their outer edges with three holes, for the attachment of a border or lining. In 1935 these were used for the attachment of a piccadil-like border.


The columns of lames are of rather a mixed number of lames. The front column (1) is connected by sets of riveted and welded links to col. 2 from lame 3 to the bottom. Lames 2, 5, 6, 7, 10, 20 and 24 have modern internal riveted repairs. Col. 2 is of 23 lames, connected by original mail to col. 3 from lame 2 to the bottom. Lames 3, 14 and 23 have old repairs, two of which are loose rather than riveted, forming a back to a complete end. Lames 1, 2, 9 and 23 have modern repairs. Col. 3 is of 23 lames, connected from 1-4, 5-13 and 18-22 by original mail. Lames 3, 7, 11 and 23 have modern repairs. Col. 4 is of 9 and 5 lames, connected mainly at the top and bottom by original mail to col. 5. Lames 2, 5, 11 and 14 have modern repairs. Col. 5 is also of 9 and 5 lames. Lame 4 is modern, and there are modern repairs on lames 6 and 14. There are working life repairs on lames 1 and 5. Col. 6 is of 23 lames, connected by riveted and welded sets from 2 to the bottom. All the lames are original, with modern repairs on 1, 2, 3, 11, 15, 18 and 23. Col. 7 is of 23 lames, connected by original mail from lame 2 to the bottom. Lame 1 is modern, and there are modern repairs on lames 4, 6, 11 and 12. Lames 16 and 17 have working life repairs. Col. 8 is of 23 lames, and is connected to col. 9 by sets of riveted and welded links for its full length. All the lames are original, with modern repairs on lames 1, 3, 5, 8, 11, 18 and 20. Col. 9 is also of 23 lames, and is connected by original mail to col. 10 from lames 1 and 4 to the bottom. The original flush rivet for a strap survives on lame 3, and lames 2 and 10 have modern repairs. Col. 10 is of only 22 lames, connected by original mail from the top to lame 21. Lames 3, 10 and 16 have modern repairs, while 11 has a working life repair. Col. 11 is of 22 lames, connected by original mail to col. 12 from top to bottom. Lame 22, however, is modern; it retains the original mail links, which have been cunningly attached by cutting through the plate from the edge to the hole, bending the flap, inserting the mail link, then straightening it again. Lames 12, 16 and 20 have working lie repairs, while 8, 10 and 13 have modern repairs. Col. 12 is of 12 lames, all original, with modern repairs on 18 and 21.

Dimensions

Dimensions: width 132 cm 52 in), height 55 cm (22 in) Weight: 4.80 kg (10 lb 9 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

None.

Notes

See XXVIH.33 for comparanda. valued with A