Object Title

Sword - Scotch Sword of Mercy

Sword - Scotch Sword of Mercy

Date

1657

Object Number

IX.36

Provenance

Displayed in the Small Armoury with ix.11, the swords were described as "The sword of Justice (having a sharp point) the sword of Mercy (having a blunt point) carried before the pretender when proclaimed in Scotland in 1715'. Confirms to the weapon illustrated by Hamilton from Skinner's "London and Westminster, 1795.

Physical Description

Two-handed, cross -hilted sword.
Cross-guard with straight spatulate quillons -their braodest face at right angles to the plane of the blade. The quillons have a pronounced medial ridge and swell towards the ends terminating in a blunted, broad spear point. Grip has two-strand wire binding, and swells towards its mid-section. Possible repair 4 cms from the guard on the "Me Fecit" side of the blade.
Substantial vase-shaped pommel narrowing towards vestigial stand, with button tang. Viewed from above, the pommel is not symmetrical, and has a slightly flattened vertical band on either side of the tang button running towards the grip corresponding with the edge of the blade (0.5 cm widening to 1cm at the shoulder of the vase).
The underside of the cross-guard has a longer slightly wider aperture than the width of the blade. There is some movement of the cross-guard around the blade, but generally the blade appears well seated.
Broad, flat blade with slight chamfer to double-edge with slightly tapered rounded tip. Broad shallow fuller rises 1.5 cm from the cross-guard and extends for 13.5 cm along the inner and outer faces of the blade. Fullers inscribed with on one side place and on the other date of manufacture, and a deeply struck maker's mark at the end on both faces.
The blade has a 8cm long x 5cm wide repair 23.5 cm from the tip. On the face bearing the date, the repair has split slightly and there is evidence of a rivet 5.5cm away from the edge towards the blade-tip securing a second split.

Materials

Dimensions

BladeLength1000mm
BladeWidth65mm
SwordLength1290mm
SwordWeight2360gm
Cross guardLength270mm
Cross guardWidth30mm
HiltLength290mm
HiltWidth55mm

Inscriptions and Marks

Maker's mark
Armoured head and shoulder with wide collar including plumed helmet with lower roped edge - or is this supposed to be hair? . Stamp has split image in striking - "WIIRA" side - face underhelmet has cracked from nose > back of helmet, with shallower crack at right angles, effectively quartering the image. "1657" side - face has cracked from nose to helmet.
At end of fuller
Deeply struck
Inscription
One face: .ME .FECIT.WIIRA Other face: ANNO (line of 3 vertical dots)1.6.5.7
Along fuller
Letters and figures formed from straight lines with punched semi-circular terminals

Associations

Places Sweden