Object Title

52 pr gun and carriage

52 pr gun and carriage

Date

1524

Object Number

XIX.243

Provenance

Taken in Egypt in 1801 at the battle of Alexandria, and placed in St. James's Park on 21 March 1802, the anniversary of the Battle. This gun, now on Horse Guards Parade, was transferred to the charge of the Armouries from the War Office in 1904.

Physical Description

The piece has had several feet removed from the muzzle end the remainder is sixteen-sided and has a flat cascabel. The upper surface is decorated in relief with panels of stylised foliage and scrollwork and has two cartouches framing inscriptions in Arabic, the one near the breech reading 'Made by Murad son of Abdullah, Chief Gunner', the other at the muzzle reading 'The Solomon of the Age, the Great Sultan, commanded the Dragon Guns [to be made]; when they breathe, roaring like thunder, may the enemy's forts be razed to the ground. Year of Hegeira 931' (A.D.1524).


Carriage
This was made for the gun, at Woolwich, after its arrival in England. It is modelled upon a siege carriage but is of cast-iron with elaborate decoration in relief. The cheeks are divided into panels containing, from the front, the Star of the Garter, the monogram of George III, Britannia indicating a landscape with pyramids, a crocodile, and a trophy consisting of a Turkish scimitar and mace and turban. The quion is formed as a sphinx. On the front transom are the coronet, cypher and garter of John, Earl of Chatham, Master General of the Ordnance, 1801-6. The rear transom is inscribed THIS GUN TAKEN IN EGYPT BY THE BRITISH ARMY 1801, and the axle CONSTRUCTED IN THE ROYAL CARRIAGE DEPARTMENT FOUNDED BY J.& E. HALL DARTFORD. The spokes of the wheels are formed as palm trees, the fellows as laurel wreaths and hub caps as lion's masks

Dimensions

Dimensions: Length: 15 ft 11 in (181 in) (485.1 cm), Length carriage: 16ft (192 in) (487.7 cm), Diameter wheels: 4ft 6in (54 in) (137.2 cm)

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number None Visible

Calibre

7.5 in (19 cm)

Associations

Places Turkey

Bibliographic References

H.L.Blackmore, The Armouries of the Tower of London, Ordnance Catalogue, H.M.S.O. London 1976., No.243, p.173.

Notes

In a description of the ceremony, the original length of the gun was stated to be 20 ft.