Object Title

Sword

Sword

Date

1748-1749

Object Number

IX.2242

Provenance

Purchased from Arbour Antiques (Stratford on Avon) August 1982.

Physical Description

Hilt: silver, of conventional form comprising pommel (Norman, type 88), knuckle guard with integral quillon, arms of the hilt and sleeve, shell guards and grip. All elements, except the grip, are decorated in relief with classical scenes.


Pommel: of globular form with foot and prominent tang button.


Knuckle guard: on the centre swell, relief standing figures. On the inside face of the sleeve is a figure of Mars and on the outer face, figures of Venus and Cupid. To the front and rear of the sleeve, at the junction with the grip, are lion masks from the mouths of which spring the knuckle guard and quillon and the arms of the hilt.


Shell guard: of two symmetrical lobes. On the inner shell towards the hand, the Triumph of Neptune and towards the blade, the Rape of Proserpine; on the outer shell towards the blade, Perseus and Andromeda.


Blade: Triangular section hollow ground of pronounced Colichemarde form. A narrow V-shaped fuller commences 178 mm (7 in) from the hilt on the inner flat. Near the hilt are panels of foliate scrollwork in line etching or engraving.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length: 1060 mm (41.75 in), blade length: 878 mm (34.625 in), blade width: 35 mm (1.375 in) Weight: 453 gm (1 lb)

Inscriptions and Marks

Knuckle guard: four marks as follows:1. Gothic capitals 'PB' in a rectangular cartouche.2. lion passant3. London date letter 'n' for 1748/9.4. crowned leopards head.

Associations

Notes

A hilt of identical design in the Hansen Collection at Hillerd in 1978 was apparently marked 'PB' in Gothic capitals as on IX.2242 but the date letter was illegible.
Another by 'MC' in script and the date letter for 1749/50 was sold at Sotheby's, 23/5/1978, lot 247 (illustrated in catalogue).
A sword in the London Museum (Cat No 33.253) has the same scenes on the pommel (knuckle guards renewed, so no marks).
Neither 'PB' nor 'MC' are recorded in Grimwade.