Object Title

Hanger

Hanger

Date

1670-1750

Object Number

IX.2220

Provenance

Purchased from A. Lumley (dealer), Brookside, Kirk Hammerton, York, with 7 other swords (IX.2214-IX.2219, IX.2221), March 1982.

Physical Description

Hilt apparently made up from associated elements, partly at least English; the blade possibly German. Knuckle-guard has maker's mark, possibly WI. Silver hilt consisting of cap-pommel, oval in plan, decorated with stylized foliage and with a tang-button; a pair of short quillons curving very slightly towards the blade with beast's head terminals, cast and chased, the section around the blade swollen and decorated on each side with a pair of animals in the chase; an oval-sectioned knuckle-guard with its root apparently soldered to the forward quillon, a moulded centre, the solder at the centre of the moulding suggesting a central knob may have been cut out, and a rounded expansion engraved with a foliate flourish where it pegs into the pommel; outside the hand there is a curved oval plate, pierced and engraved with foliage and masks: it is soldered to the outside of the quillon block and to the root and end of the knuckle-guard. The stag's horn grip has a ferrule towards the blade decorated en suite with the side of the pommel. There is an oval washer around the base of the blade with, on the side nearer the pommel, a second, smaller washer, possibly joined or made in one with the larger washer.


The oval plate has several soldered joins suggesting it has been cut and small sections removed to make it fit. A similar soldered join in the knuckle-guard is mentioned above. These points together with the fact that the knuckle-guard is apparently not made in cast with the quillons, and the overall unusual appearance of the hilt strongly suggests it has been made up of associated pieces, probably of different dates; there is a close correspondence between the incised decoration of the border of the plate and that on the ferrule and side of the pommel which suggests that the decoration of the latter two elements may have been added later.


The single-edged blade has a vestigial ricasso and a false edge for the last 168 mm (6 5/8 in). A fairly broad fuller rises sharply 127 mm (5.0 in) from the hilt and extends to the tip: a narrow fuller by the back rises at the same point and extends to the start of the false edge. On each face, etched within a recangular panel on the unfullered section at the base of the blade, is a 'stag trippant' between (above) a tree-like motif and (below) a sprouting urn. Just beyond this panel in the wider fuller, again on both faces, is a six-pointed star below an eletoral bonnet. For the length of the unfullered section the back has a pair of engraved(?), roughly parallel lines joined to one another at their ends.


The forward edge of the blade has a few minor nicks.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length: 807 mm (31 3/4 in), blade length, from hilt: 669 mm (26 5/16 in), blade width, by hilt: 31 mm (1.2 in) Weight: 645 gm (1 lb 7.2 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

On hilt, on inside of knuckle-guard, stamped: (from left to right) hallmarks: illigible mark, possibly a date letter; a maker's mark, possibly W I (Wi---?); the Britannia standard mark (therefore between 1699 and 1720), probably the version with rounded top border (if so, then 1716 or later).

Associations