Object Title

Lance

Lance

Date

1800-1850

Object Number

VII.1442

Provenance

It differs from the other examples in the RA collections currently classified as the same pattern in being of significantly larger diameter in the haft and in having the eyelets arranged so that the hole is in line with the axis of the haft.

Physical Description

The lance has three major components: a head, a haft and a shoe.
Head: the head is comprised principally of the blade and the socket which are connected by a an integral neck and langets for securing it to the haft :-


Blade: 220 mm (8.66 in) long, 27 mm (1.062 in) wide at base tapering to a point in an elongated leaf shaped profile and having a trapezoidal section with deeply hollowed faces producing a pronounced medial ridge and creating a flattened cruciform section. At its root, the blade is shouldered and changes section to form a circular neck by means of which it is smoothly joined to the socket.


Socket: of circular section and truncated ogival form, 65 mm (2.56 in) long, 28 mm (1.1 in) diameter at its open end; the upper portion forming the neck by which it is connected to the blade, and the lower edge having two langets extending from it. The langets are of unequal length, being 530 mm (20.87 in) and 425 mm (16.7 in) long and approximately 10 mm (0.39 in) wide. The langets on this specimen have square ends as opposed to the rounded ends on the other examples. The junction between langets and socket produces a markedly square shoulder. The langets are secured to the haft by rivets; three of these rivets have eyelets formed at one end and pass from the longer langet and terminate in the shorter langet.The spacing of the eyelets is such that the first is 30 mm (1.2 in) from the root, a space of 145 mm (5.7 in) between first and second eyelets and 150 mm (5.9 in) between second and third. The eyelets are thus on the long langet and arranged so that the axis of the eye lies parallel to the haft. The fourth fixing is a screw and simply passes through the tail of the longer langet and terminates within the body of the haft. The juxtaposition of blade and socket is such that the edges of the blade are coincident with a plane between the langets


Haft: comprising a single piece of timber, possibly ash, 25 mm (1 in) diameter at the junction with the head and 28 mm (1.1 in) diameter at the junction with the shoe, being suitably shaped at each end to fit the sockets of the head and shoe and recessed to receive the langets. A buff leather looped strap is fitted and bound to the shaft by buff leather thongs. _


Shoe: of hollow circular section 32 mm (1.26 in) diameter at the mouth and 155 mm (6.1 in) long, gently tapering to within 25 mm (1 in) of the foot where the taper becomes much more pronounced and terminates in an almost flat bottom of approximately 6 mm (0.25 in) diameter. On the upper edge of the mouth are two short diametrically opposed leaf shaped langets approximately 25 mm (1 in) long and 18 mm (0.7 in) wide at the root. A rivet passes through these langets to secure the shoe to the shaft.
It differs from the other examples in the RA collections currently classified as the same pattern in being of significantly larger diameter in the haft and in having the eyelets arranged so that the hole is in line with the axis of the haft.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length: 2700 mm (106.3 in), length of head: 285 mm (11.2 in) (excluding langets), length of shoe: 157 mm (6.18 in) (excluding langets)

Inscriptions and Marks

A plastic tag is attached bearing the number 436.

Associations

Notes

For lances of this type generally and for examples of the same or similar pattern in Royal Armouries, see entry for VII.1433 (under Notes). This one differs from the other examples in the RA collections currently classified as the same or similar pattern in being somewhat taller, of significantly larger diameter in the haft and in having the eyelets arranged so that the hole is in line with the axis of the haft.