Object Title

Leather cuirass (pixiongjia)

Leather cuirass (pixiongjia)

Date

1800-1899

Object Number

XXVIA.161

Provenance

Purchased 17 March 1986. Brought back by a French missionary from south west China, c. 1920.

Physical Description

Composed of a chest defence of laced panels, and a lamellar skirt, opening at the right. The plates are of leather, lacquered black on the outside with decoration in red and yellow, and lacquered yellow ochre on the inside.

Dimensions

Dimensions: height 51.3 cm (20.2 in), width 46 cm (18.1 in) Weight: 3.49 kg (7 lb 11 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

None.

Associations

Notes

These armours were used by the Yi people, formerly called the Lolo, of Sichuan province. A complete equipment is illustrated in Yang Hong, Zongguo ge bingqi lunzong, Beijing, 1980. One from a Chinese collection is illustrated in Zongguo bingqi shigao, Beijing, 1957, pl.72 nos 2-3. There are three in the Field Museum, Chicago, together with a helmet and a round shield (G.C. Stone, A glossary of the construction, decoration and use of arms and armor repr. New York, 1961, fig. 76; one of these was acquired in Chengdu in 1908) ; one more was in the Diener collection (see inv. file); three or four are in the Musée de l'Homme, Paris; and there is one in the Ethnographical Dept of the British Museum (no. 1921.10-29.1).