Object Title

Flintlock muzzle-loading military musket - Hessian model, sealed pattern

Flintlock muzzle-loading military musket - Hessian model, sealed pattern



Object Number



Old Tower Collection

Physical Description

Flat lockplate with bevelled edge and teat at rear; only one screw showing through the plate in rear of cock. Faceted and detachable steel without bridle; steel spring screw from inside of plate. Finial of steel spring is wavy and flattened. Flat, bevelled edge swan-neck cock, top jaw facetted and comb curls inwards. No markings. Stocked to 3.5 in of the muzzle and the bayonet lug is beneath the barrel which is retained by three pins and the upper sling loop screw. Flat brass fore-end cap; heavy iron ramrod. There are four trumpet-mouthed octagonal ramrod pipes; the tail piece has quite a wide faceted finial. One piece brass trigger guard with bevelled edges all round in the French style. Lower sling loop screwed into tail of trigger guard finial.The rear finial is secured by two screws. The brass side plate is narrow and bevelled with a curled rear extension very similar to the Swedish Models of 1762 through 1775. The flat brass buttplate is in the Prussian style but without facets or bevels and completely flush with the wood. Plain brass escutcheon with outline of crown at the top and held by a screw in the centre. The comb of the butt is flat with no carving on the stock. There are four red wax seals on the butt, one with the Board of Ordnance crest; one with 4 and DLM; one indistinct and one with an unidentified coat-of-arms. The stock is stamped IPD beneath the lock on the right side. The barrel is full round with a wide rolled turning at the breech. A maker's mark is mostly obscured by the stock on the left side. A long brass foresight blade is let into the top of the barrel and with the fore-end cap in the German or Scandanavian style 4 in from the muzzle. There is also a S within a heart-shaped shield.


BarrelLength1060 mm
OverallLength1460 mm


Serial Number None visible


.73 in

Inscriptions and Marks

Four red wax seals on the butt.


Places Germany


This one of several muskets of Germanic or Scandanavian provenance with British seals on the butts for which there is no ready explanation backed by documentary evidence. They are presumed to be patterns submitted by Continental manufacturers with which they could furnish the Board on contract or are patterns of arms used by auxillary troops in the pay of the British Government during either the Seven Years War, The American War or the French Revolutionary Wars.
Unfortunately none of the component features are distinctive enough to allow even partial identification as to date of production since there was too little change and too frequent use of older parts in most of the Germanic and Scandinavian states during the last half of the 18th century.