Object Title

Cuirassier armour

Cuirassier armour

Date

1630

Object Number

II.104

Provenance

Tower arsenal

Physical Description

It comprises a breastplate, a backplate, a gorget, integral pauldons and vambraces, integral tassets and poleyns. The breastplate. is made in one piece with a medial keel and vestigial point. The lower edge is flanged for the attachment of the leg-defences by means of a mushroom-headed stud at either side. The main edges have inward turns. A mushroom-headed stud at either side of the chest is for the attachment of shoulder-straps. There are also a pair of flush rivets for shoulder straps at either neck edge. Decoration. It is decorated by single incised lines bordering the main edge.Damage. It is laminating externally. The backplate is made in one piece with a flange at its lower edge. It is secured to the breastplate by modern straps at the waist and shoulder. The main edges have inward turns.Decoration. It is decorated by single incised lines bordering the main edge.Damage. It is laminating externally. The gorget. comprises a front and a rear plate attached by a rivet on the left and a mushroom-headed studand slot on the right. The main edges are turned inwards, the lower edge having also a recessed border. The Left pauldron and vambrace consists of a single, integral defence from shoulder to wrist, comprising a pauldron, upper cannon, couter and lower cannon. All the main edges have inward turns. The pauldron is composed of 9 lames overlapping outwards from a central main plate and is bordered by numerous lining-rivets. The lames are connected to each other by internal leathers. The upper lame has a slot and buckle for attachment to a strap on the shoulder of the backplate. The lower strap ends of the pauldon are riveted to a turner into which the upper cannon rotates. The circular couter has a wing at the front and rear which have inward turns. It has two articulating lames, above and below, securing it to the cannons. The lower cannon consists of a front and rear plate secured to each other by a central hinge and a sprung stud. Decoration. The main and subsidiary edges are bordered by double incised lines. The right pauldronand vambrace. consists of a single, integral defence from shoulder to wrist, comprising a pauldron, upper cannon, couter and lower cannon. All the main edges have inward turns. The pauldron is not a pair to the left pauldron. It differs in the following ways. It consists of 8 lames (not 9) overlapping outwards from the central one. Its main and subsidiary borders have single incised line (not double) and the number '9' is engraved on the upper lame. It has an internal patch. The lames are connected to each other by internal leathers. The upper lame has a slot and buckle for attachmet to a strap on the shoulder of the backplate. The lower strap ends of the peruldon are riveted to a turner into which the upper cannon rotates. The circular couter has a wing at the front and rear which have inward turns. It has two articulating lames, above and below, securing it to the cannons. The lower cannon consists of a front and rear plate secured to each other by a central hinge and a sprung stud. Decoration. The main and subsidiary edges are bordered bydouble incised lines, except for the pauldron, see above.. The right tasset and poleyn. consists of a single integral defence from upper thigh to below the knee. The main edges have inward turns. The main edges have inward turns.The tasset proper consist of 14 lames overlapping upwards attached to each other by sliding rivets on the outer side and internal leathers at the centre and inner side. The uppermost lame is pierced with a large horizotal slot for attachment to the breastplate flange. It also has a strap to attach it to the other tasset at its inner side. The lowest lame is deeper than the others; the strap ends are riveted to it. The poleyn consists of five lames overlapping outwards from the central one; all are articulated to each other by a rivet at either side. The central lame has a large wing with decorative rivets. It has a pair of straps to secure it around the knee. The lowest lame is deep and descends to a blunt point where it is bordered by decorative rivets. Decoration. The subsidiary edges are bordered by double incised lines. The Left tasset and poleyn. consists of a single integral defence from upper thigh to below the knee. The main edges have inward turns. The main edges have inward turns.The left tasset is not a pair to the right and differs in that is sonsists of 13 (rather then 14) lames. It has a single uncised line decoration. The lames overlap upwards and are attached to each other by sliding rivets on the outer side and internal leathers at the centre and inner side. The uppermost lame is pierced with a large horizotal slot for attachment to the breastplate flange. It also has a strap to attach it to the other tasset at its inner side. The lowest lame is deeper than the others; the strap ends are riveted to it. The poleyn is not a perfect pair to the right but differs only in the shape of the wing and the size of the circle of decorative rivets. It consists of five lames overlapping outwards from the central one; all are articulated to each other by a rivet at either side. The central lame has a large wing with decorative rivets. It hasa pair of straps to secure it around the knee. The lowest lame is deep and descends to a blunt point where it is bordered by decorative rivets. Decoration. The subsidiary edges of the poleyn are bordered by double incised lines, those of the tasset by single incised lines.

Dimensions

GorgetWeight0.535 kg
BackplateWeight1.345 kg
TotalWeight16.95 kg
HelmetWeight2.04 kg
Left tassetWeight2.5 kg
Right tassetWeight2.75 kg
BreastplateWeight2.765 kg

Associations

Places Netherlands

Notes

The original close helmet, removed in 1975, had its black paint removed, a lifting peg on the visor restored and the 2nd rear gorget plate patched at the centre, for use in the disabled handling collection in 1991. The armour was painted black with bright borders, but was cleaned bright for loan L.200 to the National Army Museum in 1975. The closed burgonet iv.161 was associated at that time, and the gauntlets removed.