Object Title

Centrefire double-barrelled pistol - Lancaster Small Frame Pocket Model

Centrefire double-barrelled pistol - Lancaster Small Frame Pocket Model

Date

about 1890

Object Number

PR.11327

Provenance

Gifted with the Pattern Room from the Ministry of Defence, August 2005 Transferred to the Pattern Room from the Forensic Science Service Collection, Huntingdon.

Physical Description

A.A. Thorn Patent oval bore single trigger double-barrel pistol.
The single-trigger action operates a rotating firing-pin. A long side lever operates a double top-bite lock (known as a 3rd type locking latch).
Plain finish with much original blueing stamped with Birmingham proof marks. The birds-head shapped chequered walnut butt is fitted with a lanyard-loop. The hinged barrels have open-sights and a German silver foresight, it is fitted with a self-acting extractor.
The assembly number, 89, is stamped on the underside of the breech.
the right side of the frame is stamped with a registration number: M4800 (possibly an Inidian registration mark)

Techniques

Forged, Cast

Materials

Dimensions

BarrelLength4in.
BarrelLength102mm
OverallLength8.1in.
OverallLength204mm
OverallWeight685g

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number 7827

Calibre

.380 in

Inscriptions and Marks

Registration number ?
12 395
on the left grip plate
stamped
Calibre
380 C.F.
on the left side between the barrels
engraved
Assembly number
89
on the underside of the breech
stamped
makers name
CHARLES LANCASTER (PATENT) 151 NEW BOND STREET
on top odf the barrels
engraved
Proof marks
Crowned GP (London proof mark), crown over V (London view mark), letters GP interlaced in a cipher (provisional proof)
on each of the barrels
stamped
Registration number ?
M4800
on the right side of the breech
stamped

Associations

Notes

In 1878, the firm of Charles Lancaster Gunmakers, previously run by C.W. Lancaster who died in that year, was acquired by Henry A.A. Thorn from his widow. In1881 Thorn patented an action for two and four barrel guns, he would subsequently use this patent in the manufacture of both shotgun/rifles and pistols.
The pistols were designed to take a veriaty of calibres, but in the main they would be for the four barrel pistol .455 and .476 government cartridges and for the two barrel pistol the .577 short Snider or Boxer, they were also fitted with Lancaster's oval bore rifling.
In all about 712 four barrel pistols and about 234 two barrel versions were produced between 1882 and 1897.