Object Title

Centrefire four-barrelled pistol - Lancaster Large Frame Holster Model

Centrefire four-barrelled pistol - Lancaster Large Frame Holster Model

Date

about 1889

Object Number

PR.11324

Provenance

Gifted with the Pattern Room by the Ministry of Defence, August 2005

Physical Description

A.A. Thorn Patent oval bore single trigger four barrel pistol.
The single-trigger action operates a rotating firing-pin, it has an auxillary folding trigger beneath the triggerguard. A long side lever on the left of the breech operates a double top-bite lock (known as a 3rd type locking latch). on the breech face is stamped in a circle 'CHARLES LANCASTER PATENT'.
Plain finish with much original blueing stamped with Birmingham proof marks. The semi-birds head chequered walnut butt has a file-cut backstrap and a lanyard-loop. The hinged barrels are bored with Charles Lancaster's patent oval bores and have open-sights and a German silver foresight. The barrel cluster is fitted with a self-acting extractor star.
The assembly number,30B, is stamped on the bottom of the frame.
the top of the breech is engraved 'C. C.D. THE ROYAL SCOTS'

Techniques

Forged

Materials

Dimensions

OverallLength11 in
OverallLength279 mm
OverallWeight1.024 kg
BarrelLength6 in
BarrelLength152 mm

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number 8320

Calibre

.476 in

Inscriptions and Marks

Assembly number
30B
on the bottom of the breech
stamped
Calibre
476 C.F.
between the two left barrels
engraved
Owner's name
C. C.D.THE ROYAL SCOTS
top of the breech
engraved
makers name
CHARLES LANCASTER (PATENT) 151 NEW BOND STREET
between the top two barrels
engraved
Proof marks
Crowned GP (London proof mark), crown over V (London view mark), letters GP interlaced in a cipher (provisional proof)
on all four barrels
stamped

Associations

Notes

In 1878, the firm of Charles Lancaster Gunmakers, previously run by C.W. Lancaster who died in that year, was acquired by Henry A.A. Thorn from his widow. In1881 Thorn patented an action for two and four barrel guns, he would subsequently use this patent in the manufacture of both shotgun/rifles and pistols.
The pistols were designed to take a veriaty of calibres, but in the main they would be for the four barrel pistol .455 and .476 government cartridges and for the two barrel pistol the .577 short Snider or Boxer, they were also fitted with Lancaster's oval bore rifling.
In all about 712 four barrel pistols and about 234 two barrel versions were produced between 1882 and 1897.