Object Title

Centrefire four-barrelled pistol - Lancaster Large Frame Holster Model

Centrefire four-barrelled pistol - Lancaster Large Frame Holster Model

Date

about 1887

Object Number

PR.11096

Provenance

fted with the Pattern Room by the Ministry of Defence, August 2005 Transferred to the Ministry of Defence Pattern Room from the Royal Logistics Corps Museum, Deepcut, Surrey, June 1996.

Physical Description

A.A. Thorn Patent oval bore single trigger four barrel pistol.
The single-trigger action operates a rotating firing-pin, it also is fitted with an auxillary folding trigger. A short side lever on the left of the breech operates a double top-bite lock (known as a 3rd type locking latch).
Plain finish with much original blueing stamped with Birmingham proof marks. The semi-birds head chequered walnut butt has a file-cut backstrap and lanyard-loop. The hinged barrels are bored with Charles Lancaster's patent oval bores and have open-sights and a German silver foresight. The barrel cluster is fitted with a self-acting extractor star.
The assembly number,95, is stamped on the bottom of the frame.

Techniques

Cast, Forged

Materials

Dimensions

OverallLength11 in.
OverallLength279 mm
OverallWeight1.02 kg
BarrelLength6.25 in.
BarrelLength159 mm

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number 8037

Calibre

.476 in

Inscriptions and Marks

Calibre
476 C.F.
on the left side between the barrels
engraved
Assembly number
95
on the underside of the breech
stamped
makers name
CHARLES LANCASTER (PATENT) 151 NEW BOND STREET
on the top between the barrels
engraved
Proof marks
Crowned GP (London proof mark), crown over V (London view mark), letters GP interlaced in a cipher (provisional proof)
on each of the four barrels
stamped

Associations

Notes

In 1878, the firm of Charles Lancaster Gunmakers, previously run by C.W. Lancaster who died in that year, was acquired by Henry A.A. Thorn from his widow. In1881 Thorn patented an action for two and four barrel guns, he would subsequently use this patent in the manufacture of both shotgun/rifles and pistols.
The pistols were designed to take a veriaty of calibres, but in the main they would be for the four barrel pistol .455 and .476 government cartridges and for the two barrel pistol the .577 short Snider or Boxer, they were also fitted with Lancaster's oval bore rifling.
In all about 712 four barrel pistols and about 234 two barrel versions were produced between 1882 and 1897.