Object Title

Sword - Scottish Sword of Justice

Sword - Scottish Sword of Justice

Date

1600-1630

Object Number

IX.11

Provenance

Displayed with ix.36 in Small Armoury. Described in guides as "The sword of Justice (having a sharp point) and the sword of Mercy (having a blunt point) carried before the Pretender when proclaimed in Scotland in 1715'. Illustrated by Hamilton in Skinner's "London and Westminster", 1795.

Physical Description

Two hand sword of Claymore form, with German blade.
Straight cross -guard with quillons flattened in the plane of the blade and terminating in disc finials curled towards the blade, supports a large, slightly convex shell- guard on the outside of the hand. The shell-guard is inclinde towards the grip and has a plain outer face with incised linear border-line following the curve of the outer edge. Its inner face is rough. The shell is pierced with 2 circular holes towards one edge with adjacent small irregular patch missing. Inside the hand, the cross-guard has a 17.5 mm stump - the remains of an inner shell?
The long grip is of roughly rectangular with blunted corners section and tapers towards the pommel. Leather cover which gives the impression of wide ribbibg on the outer side, but has seam running the length of the inside.
Substantial ferrous pommel of cushion form. The pommel has a transverse medial ridge, and is four-faced towards the grip, while above the ridge, it is domed culminating in a narrow tang-button, the tang hammered flat. 20mm beneath the pommel, a flat, 5 mm band of metal encircles the grip.
Straight blade of quadrangular section, chamfered towards the edges tapers towards a spear point. It has punched linear decoration issuing from the guard, including a stylised running wolf.

Materials

Dimensions

ShellHeight105mm
ShellWidth125mm
PommelHeight50mm
PommelWidth50mm
BladeLength1000mm
BladeWidth55mm
OverallLength1400mm
GripWidth50mm

Inscriptions and Marks

Decoration
Motif running for 260mm from the grip towards the tip Inside the hand: parallel borders of repeated single linear punchmarks, enclosing a central zig-zag line of punched decoration. Borders join to form a large Latin cross with a smaller Latin cross springing from its base on either side. Above this a circumflex mark and terminal cross. Stylised linear running wolf-mark. There is evidence that the decoration may have had inlaid copper or brass wire originally. Only traces remain - in the wolf on the inside and the circumflex on the outer face.
Adjacent to the grip along the blade
linear punch
Maker's mark
stylised linear running wolf mark
on blade
linear punch

Associations