Object Title

Sword - Scottish Sword of Justice

Sword - Scottish Sword of Justice

Date

1600-1630

Object Number

IX.11

Provenance

Displayed with ix.36 in Small Armoury. Described in guides as 'The sword of Justice (having a sharp point) and the sword of Mercy (having a blunt point) carried before the Pretender when proclaimed in Scotland in 1715'. Illustrated by Hamilton in Skinner's "London and Westminster", 1795. According to IBE mentioned in the Tower guide book of 1777

Physical Description

Two hand sword of Scottish so-called 'Claymore' form, with German blade.
The hilt consists of a substantial flat, urn (cushion)-shaped pommel of bright steel. It has a transverse medial ridge and is four-faced towards the grip whilst above the ridge it is domed. The pommel is surmounted by a narrow tang button, the tang itself pleaned flat. Some 20 mm below the polmmel a flat 5 mm band of metal encirles the grip.The straight quillons are flattened in the plane of the blade and terminate in disc finials curled towards the blade, and support a large, slightly convexoval shell- guard on the outside of the hand. The shell-guard is inclinde towards the grip and has a plain outer face with an incised linear border-line following the curve of the outer edge. Its inner face is rough. The shell is pierced with 2 circular holes towards one edge with adjacent small irregular patch missing. Inside the hand, the cross-guard has a 17.5 mm stump, probably the remains of an inner shell, now broken off. The long wooden grip is of roughly rectangular section with cut-off corners. The grip is covered in (modern) leather, which gives the impression of wide ribbibg on the outer side, has a seam running the length of the inside.
The straight two-edged blade is of flattened of quadrangular section, chamfered towards the edges, and tapers towards a spear point. It has punched linear decoration issuing from the guard, including, on one face a stylised running wolf mark (of Solingen) and , on the other , a split cross.

Techniques

Handmade

Materials

Dimensions

ShellHeight105 mm
ShellWidth125 mm
PommelHeight50 mm
PommelWidth50 mm
BladeLength1000 mm
BladeWidth55 mm
OverallLength1400 mm
OverallWeight2353 g
GripWidth50 mm

Inscriptions and Marks

Decoration
Motif running for 260mm from the grip towards the tip Inside the hand: parallel borders of repeated single linear punchmarks, enclosing a central zig-zag line of punched decoration. Borders join to form a large Latin cross with a smaller Latin cross springing from its base on either side. Above this a circumflex mark and terminal cross. Stylised linear running wolf-mark. There is evidence that the decoration may have had inlaid copper or brass wire originally. Only traces remain - in the wolf on the inside and the circumflex on the outer face.
Adjacent to the grip along the blade
linear punch
Maker's mark
stylised linear running wolf mark
on blade
linear punch

Associations