Object Title

Centrefire bolt-action rifle - Pattern 1913

Centrefire bolt-action rifle - Pattern 1913

Date

about 1913

Object Number

PR.5981

Provenance

Gifted with the Pattern Room by the Ministry of Defence, August 2005.

Physical Description

Muzzle with sight block pinned in place. Blade foresight dovetailed into the sight block, which has pierced protective wings. Double-strapped nosecap with stacking swivel and bayonet stud on the underside. Barrel band with sling loop approximately at the midpoint of the barrel. Receiver with integral backsight protective wings, with aperture backsight and folding ladder pinned in place. Bolt with front-locking lugs, shrouded cocking piece and turned-down 'dog's leg' style bolt handle. Rotating safety lever by the stem of the bolt handle. Pull-style bolt release lever on the left side of the receiver. Long-range 'dial' sights on the left of the rifle, the back aperture on a long, folding arm at the receiver and the front post on a dial near the back barrel band. Dial sights have no sight marks. Integral box magazine. Stock with four finger grooves on each side, with full-length upper handguard. Semi-pistol grip shape to the wrist. Buttstock with steel buttplate and sling loop on the underside; brass stock disc on the right side. Blue finish.

Techniques

Manufactured

Materials

Dimensions

OverallLength1180 mm
OverallWeight4.14 kg
BarrelLength660 mm

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number 1107

Calibre

.276 in

Inscriptions and Marks

Serial number
1107
Various parts, including receiver, bolt handle and right side of stock
Stamped
Proof mark
Government proof marks
Left side of receiver
Stamped
Inspection mark
Stacked crown / 40 / E
Receiver
Stamped
Inspection mark
Stacked crown / VS / W
Receiver
Stamped
Inspection mark
Stacked crown / Z6 / E
Receiver
Stamped

Associations

Notes

Experience from the Second Boer War made a strong impression on the British military, who were impressed by the firepower achieved by the Boers armed with modern Mauser rifles, many in 7mm calibre. Work was conducted to produce a new service cartridge of similar calibre, to be used in a rifle using a Mauser 98-style action with front-locking lugs on the bolt. This produced the .276 Enfield cartridge, which underwent a series of trials and was found to cause significant fouling as well as being over-powered. The design was still being modified when war broke out in August 1914, and so the process was shelved.

The Pattern 1913 was the rifle made to use this .276 inch cartridge. It was a thoroughly modern design by 1913 standards, using a Mauser-style front-locking bolt with a turned down handle. Overall length placed it in the short rifle category, and its backsight was an adjustable round aperture at the rear end of the receiver, giving a long sight radius for accurate shooting. Unfortunately the Pattern 1913 never got past trials due to the cartridge design process being halted. Instead, however, a shortage of rifles in the early stages of the First World War caused the design to be reworked to chamber the .303 British service cartridge which resulted in the Pattern 1914 Enfield. This modification also omitted the finger grooves cut into the P13's stock, and would go on to serve into the Second World War with the Home Guard.