Object Title

Centrefire four-barrelled pistol - Lancaster Large Frame Holster Model

Centrefire four-barrelled pistol - Lancaster Large Frame Holster Model

Date

about 1884

Object Number

PR.3410

Provenance

Gifted with the Pattern Room from the Ministry of Defence, August 2005

Physical Description

A.A. Thorn Patent oval bore single trigger four barrel pistol.
The single-trigger action operates a rotating firing-pin. A side lever operates a double top-bite lock (known as a 3rd type locking latch).
Plain finish with much original blueing stamped with Birmingham proof marks. The birds head chequered walnut butt has a file-cut backstrap and lanyard-loop. The hinged barrels have open-sights and a German silver foresight, it is fitted with a self-acting extractor star.

Techniques

Forged

Materials

Dimensions

OverallLength10.75in.
OverallLength273mm
OverallWeight1.09kg
BarrelLength6.25in.
BarrelLength159mm

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number 7873

Calibre

.476 in

Inscriptions and Marks

Calibre
476 CF
between the left upper and lower barrel
engraved
Maker's mark
CHARLES LANCASTER (PATENT) 151 NEW BOND STREET
between top barrels
engraved
Proof marks
Crowned GP (London proof mark), crown over V (London view mark), letters GP interlaced in a cipher (provisional proof)
on each of the four barrels
stamped

Associations

Notes

In 1878, the firm of Charles Lancaster Gunmakers, previously run by C.W. Lancaster who died in that year, was acquired by Henry A.A. Thorn from his widow. In1881 Thorn patented an action for two and four barrel guns, he would subsequently use this patent in the manufacture of both shotgun/rifles and pistols.
The pistols were designed to take a veriaty of calibres, but in the main they would be for the four barrel pistol .455 and .476 government cartridges and for the two barrel pistol the .577 short Snider or Boxer, they were also fitted with Lancaster's oval bore rifling.
In all about 712 four barrel pistols and about 234 two barrel versions were produced between 1882 and 1897.