Object Title

Sword bayonet - Baker Pattern 1801 (2nd Pattern)

Sword bayonet - Baker Pattern 1801 (2nd Pattern)

Date

about 1805

Object Number

PR.1931

Provenance

Gifted with the Pattern Room by the Ministry of Defence, August 2005

Physical Description

Hilt form: cast brass with vestigially beaked pommel and rounded end.The broad deep T-shaped attachment slot is cut into the left side of the ribbed and grooved, twenty-seven shallow vertical grooves in all, grips. Projecting from the underside of the grips is a small plain steel press stud which operates an internal catch by means of a long steel leaf-spring recessed within the back of the hilt. The leaf-spring is secured by a single screw at the pommel end. Underside of grips rounded and shaped to hand, back rounded and straight. Crossguard form: separately cast brass crosspiece, the backswept lower guard extending into full plain curved knucklebow. The spatulate upper guard is slightly angled towards blade. The right side of crossguard has a roughly semi-circular langet, 38 mm wide blade. Blade form: single-edged, tapering very slightly towards its broad spear point, unfullered. The false edge is defined but not sharpened, the remainder of back being flat.

Techniques

Forged

Materials

Dimensions

BladeLength23.25inches
BladeLength592mm
BladeWidth1.5inches
BladeWidth38mm
OverallLength28.25inches
OverallLength718mm
OverallWeight0.9kg

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number none

Associations

Notes

The second "Pattern 1801" sword bayonet had the same blade as the first pattern, but with the double-edged section of the point only five inches long.
The hilt used the same locking method as the first pattern, but its overall construction was much stronger. Slightly longer in hilt at four and a half inches, the weak squared knucklebow was replaced with a rounded, more robust D shaped knucklebow.
The early pattern long sword bayonets, when fixed to the short Baker rifle, gave an overall length close to that of the Brown Bess and bayonet. This presented a uniform wall of steel, when riflemen joined other regiments in square, to receive a cavalry charge.